Women at leisure and in work ‐ unequal opportunities?

Malcolm Foley, Gill Maxwell, David McGillivray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Explores the changing relationship between work and leisure with particular reference to women’s equality in economic and other activities through a review of the history of leisure opportunities since the industrial revolution; indicates the ways in which social and economic changes have had a major impact on women’s leisure needs and activities. Focuses in particular on the provision of workplace fitness facilities, undertaking a survey of more than 200 companies across a number of industry sectors (the rationale for selection is outlined here) to discover the reasons behind such provision and the actual facilities provided; identifies the reasons behind provision as primarily commercial (e.g. being seen as an additional benefit to help recruit high quality employees) and notes that assessment of user group needs was not carried out, with the result that women’s particular needs tended not to be taken into account, for example gyms (favoured by men) being more widely provided than space for aerobic exercise (favoured by women). Concludes that the findings strongly suggest that women remain unequal in their leisure as well as working lives.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-18
Number of pages11
JournalEqual Opportunities International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • equal opportunities
  • women
  • leisure
  • fitness
  • employee benefits
  • exercise


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