Variation in resistive force selection during brief high intensity cycle ergometry: implications for power assessment and production in elite karate practitioners

Julien Steven Baker, Bruce Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to measure power values generated in elite karate fighters during brief high intensity cycle ergometry when resistive forces were derived from total - body mass (TBM) or fat - free mass (FFM). Male international karate practitioners volunteered as participants (n = 11). Body density was calculated using hydrostatic weighing procedures with fat mass ascertained from body density values. Participants were required to pedal maximally on a cycle ergometer (Monark 864) against randomly assigned loads ranging from 70 g·kg-1 - 95 g·kg-1 (using a TBM or FFM protocol) for 8 seconds. The resistive force that produced the highest peak power output (PPO) for each protocol was considered optimal. Differences (p < 0.05) in peak power outputs were found between the TBM and FFM experimental condition (1164 ± 137 W vs. 1289 ± 145 W respectively). Differences were also recorded (p < 0.01) between pedal velocity and applied resistive forces (127 ± 8 rpm vs. 142 ± 7 rpm; 6.6 ± 1 kg vs. 5.5 ± 1 kg, respectively). No differences (p > 0.05) were observed between time to PPO, or heart rate when the TBM and FFM protocols were compared. The findings of this study suggest that when high intensity cycle ergometer resistive forces are derived from FFM, greater peak powers can be obtained consistently in karate athletes. Resistive forces that relate to the active muscle tissue utilised during this type of exercise may need to be explored in preference to protocols that include both lean and fat masses. The findings have implications for both exercise prescription and the evaluation of experimental results concerning karate athletes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-46
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Sports Science and Medicine
Volume5
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Martial Arts
Ergometry
Fats
Athletes
Exercise
Prescriptions
Foot
Heart Rate
Muscles

Keywords

  • anaerobic performance
  • body composition

Cite this

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title = "Variation in resistive force selection during brief high intensity cycle ergometry: implications for power assessment and production in elite karate practitioners",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to measure power values generated in elite karate fighters during brief high intensity cycle ergometry when resistive forces were derived from total - body mass (TBM) or fat - free mass (FFM). Male international karate practitioners volunteered as participants (n = 11). Body density was calculated using hydrostatic weighing procedures with fat mass ascertained from body density values. Participants were required to pedal maximally on a cycle ergometer (Monark 864) against randomly assigned loads ranging from 70 g·kg-1 - 95 g·kg-1 (using a TBM or FFM protocol) for 8 seconds. The resistive force that produced the highest peak power output (PPO) for each protocol was considered optimal. Differences (p < 0.05) in peak power outputs were found between the TBM and FFM experimental condition (1164 ± 137 W vs. 1289 ± 145 W respectively). Differences were also recorded (p < 0.01) between pedal velocity and applied resistive forces (127 ± 8 rpm vs. 142 ± 7 rpm; 6.6 ± 1 kg vs. 5.5 ± 1 kg, respectively). No differences (p > 0.05) were observed between time to PPO, or heart rate when the TBM and FFM protocols were compared. The findings of this study suggest that when high intensity cycle ergometer resistive forces are derived from FFM, greater peak powers can be obtained consistently in karate athletes. Resistive forces that relate to the active muscle tissue utilised during this type of exercise may need to be explored in preference to protocols that include both lean and fat masses. The findings have implications for both exercise prescription and the evaluation of experimental results concerning karate athletes.",
keywords = "anaerobic performance, body composition",
author = "Baker, {Julien Steven} and Bruce Davies",
year = "2006",
language = "English",
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pages = "42--46",
journal = "Journal of Sports Science and Medicine",
issn = "1303-2968",
publisher = "Department of Sports Medicine, Medical Faculty of Uludag University",

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N2 - The purpose of this study was to measure power values generated in elite karate fighters during brief high intensity cycle ergometry when resistive forces were derived from total - body mass (TBM) or fat - free mass (FFM). Male international karate practitioners volunteered as participants (n = 11). Body density was calculated using hydrostatic weighing procedures with fat mass ascertained from body density values. Participants were required to pedal maximally on a cycle ergometer (Monark 864) against randomly assigned loads ranging from 70 g·kg-1 - 95 g·kg-1 (using a TBM or FFM protocol) for 8 seconds. The resistive force that produced the highest peak power output (PPO) for each protocol was considered optimal. Differences (p < 0.05) in peak power outputs were found between the TBM and FFM experimental condition (1164 ± 137 W vs. 1289 ± 145 W respectively). Differences were also recorded (p < 0.01) between pedal velocity and applied resistive forces (127 ± 8 rpm vs. 142 ± 7 rpm; 6.6 ± 1 kg vs. 5.5 ± 1 kg, respectively). No differences (p > 0.05) were observed between time to PPO, or heart rate when the TBM and FFM protocols were compared. The findings of this study suggest that when high intensity cycle ergometer resistive forces are derived from FFM, greater peak powers can be obtained consistently in karate athletes. Resistive forces that relate to the active muscle tissue utilised during this type of exercise may need to be explored in preference to protocols that include both lean and fat masses. The findings have implications for both exercise prescription and the evaluation of experimental results concerning karate athletes.

AB - The purpose of this study was to measure power values generated in elite karate fighters during brief high intensity cycle ergometry when resistive forces were derived from total - body mass (TBM) or fat - free mass (FFM). Male international karate practitioners volunteered as participants (n = 11). Body density was calculated using hydrostatic weighing procedures with fat mass ascertained from body density values. Participants were required to pedal maximally on a cycle ergometer (Monark 864) against randomly assigned loads ranging from 70 g·kg-1 - 95 g·kg-1 (using a TBM or FFM protocol) for 8 seconds. The resistive force that produced the highest peak power output (PPO) for each protocol was considered optimal. Differences (p < 0.05) in peak power outputs were found between the TBM and FFM experimental condition (1164 ± 137 W vs. 1289 ± 145 W respectively). Differences were also recorded (p < 0.01) between pedal velocity and applied resistive forces (127 ± 8 rpm vs. 142 ± 7 rpm; 6.6 ± 1 kg vs. 5.5 ± 1 kg, respectively). No differences (p > 0.05) were observed between time to PPO, or heart rate when the TBM and FFM protocols were compared. The findings of this study suggest that when high intensity cycle ergometer resistive forces are derived from FFM, greater peak powers can be obtained consistently in karate athletes. Resistive forces that relate to the active muscle tissue utilised during this type of exercise may need to be explored in preference to protocols that include both lean and fat masses. The findings have implications for both exercise prescription and the evaluation of experimental results concerning karate athletes.

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