Uptake of paraphernalia from injecting equipment provision services and its association with sharing of paraphernalia among injecting drug users in Scotland

E. Aspinall, S. J. Hutchinson, A. Taylor, N. Palmateer, M. Hellard, E. Allen, D. Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: There has been a significant increase in the provision of injecting paraphernalia from Scottish injecting equipment provision (IEP) services. However, there is currently a lack of evidence on whether uptake of paraphernalia has any impact on paraphernalia sharing among injecting drug users (IDU). The aim of this study was to examine the factors associated with paraphernalia sharing; in particular, whether uptake of filters, spoons and sterile water from IEPs is associated with a reduction in the sharing of these items. Methods: A cross-sectional voluntary anonymous survey of 2037 IDUs was administered during 2008-2009. Participants were asked whether they had shared filters, spoons or water (paraphernalia) in the previous 6 months, and their uptake of these items from an IEP during an average week in the previous 6 months. Results: Self-reported uptake of paraphernalia in an average week during the previous 6 months was associated with reduced odds of sharing paraphernalia: (i) uptake of >30 filters was associated with a reduced odds of sharing filters (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.50, 95% confidence interval 0.32-0.79); (ii) uptake of >30 spoons was associated with a reduced odds of sharing spoons (AOR 0.46, 95% confidence interval 0.28-0.74); and (iii) uptake of sterile water was associated with a reduced odds of sharing water (AOR 0.36, 95% confidence interval 0.22-0.61) compared to no uptake of each of these items. Conclusions: Uptake of paraphernalia appears to be associated with safer injecting practice. Further research is needed to establish the impact of paraphernalia provision on HCV transmission. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-346
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume126
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Paraphernalia
  • Injecting drug use
  • Uptake
  • Sharing
  • Hepatitis C

Cite this

Aspinall, E. ; Hutchinson, S. J. ; Taylor, A. ; Palmateer, N. ; Hellard, M. ; Allen, E. ; Goldberg, D. / Uptake of paraphernalia from injecting equipment provision services and its association with sharing of paraphernalia among injecting drug users in Scotland. In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2012 ; Vol. 126, No. 3. pp. 340-346.
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abstract = "Background: There has been a significant increase in the provision of injecting paraphernalia from Scottish injecting equipment provision (IEP) services. However, there is currently a lack of evidence on whether uptake of paraphernalia has any impact on paraphernalia sharing among injecting drug users (IDU). The aim of this study was to examine the factors associated with paraphernalia sharing; in particular, whether uptake of filters, spoons and sterile water from IEPs is associated with a reduction in the sharing of these items. Methods: A cross-sectional voluntary anonymous survey of 2037 IDUs was administered during 2008-2009. Participants were asked whether they had shared filters, spoons or water (paraphernalia) in the previous 6 months, and their uptake of these items from an IEP during an average week in the previous 6 months. Results: Self-reported uptake of paraphernalia in an average week during the previous 6 months was associated with reduced odds of sharing paraphernalia: (i) uptake of >30 filters was associated with a reduced odds of sharing filters (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.50, 95{\%} confidence interval 0.32-0.79); (ii) uptake of >30 spoons was associated with a reduced odds of sharing spoons (AOR 0.46, 95{\%} confidence interval 0.28-0.74); and (iii) uptake of sterile water was associated with a reduced odds of sharing water (AOR 0.36, 95{\%} confidence interval 0.22-0.61) compared to no uptake of each of these items. Conclusions: Uptake of paraphernalia appears to be associated with safer injecting practice. Further research is needed to establish the impact of paraphernalia provision on HCV transmission. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.",
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Uptake of paraphernalia from injecting equipment provision services and its association with sharing of paraphernalia among injecting drug users in Scotland. / Aspinall, E.; Hutchinson, S. J.; Taylor, A.; Palmateer, N.; Hellard, M.; Allen, E.; Goldberg, D.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 126, No. 3, 01.12.2012, p. 340-346.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Uptake of paraphernalia from injecting equipment provision services and its association with sharing of paraphernalia among injecting drug users in Scotland

AU - Aspinall, E.

AU - Hutchinson, S. J.

AU - Taylor, A.

AU - Palmateer, N.

AU - Hellard, M.

AU - Allen, E.

AU - Goldberg, D.

PY - 2012/12/1

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N2 - Background: There has been a significant increase in the provision of injecting paraphernalia from Scottish injecting equipment provision (IEP) services. However, there is currently a lack of evidence on whether uptake of paraphernalia has any impact on paraphernalia sharing among injecting drug users (IDU). The aim of this study was to examine the factors associated with paraphernalia sharing; in particular, whether uptake of filters, spoons and sterile water from IEPs is associated with a reduction in the sharing of these items. Methods: A cross-sectional voluntary anonymous survey of 2037 IDUs was administered during 2008-2009. Participants were asked whether they had shared filters, spoons or water (paraphernalia) in the previous 6 months, and their uptake of these items from an IEP during an average week in the previous 6 months. Results: Self-reported uptake of paraphernalia in an average week during the previous 6 months was associated with reduced odds of sharing paraphernalia: (i) uptake of >30 filters was associated with a reduced odds of sharing filters (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.50, 95% confidence interval 0.32-0.79); (ii) uptake of >30 spoons was associated with a reduced odds of sharing spoons (AOR 0.46, 95% confidence interval 0.28-0.74); and (iii) uptake of sterile water was associated with a reduced odds of sharing water (AOR 0.36, 95% confidence interval 0.22-0.61) compared to no uptake of each of these items. Conclusions: Uptake of paraphernalia appears to be associated with safer injecting practice. Further research is needed to establish the impact of paraphernalia provision on HCV transmission. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - Background: There has been a significant increase in the provision of injecting paraphernalia from Scottish injecting equipment provision (IEP) services. However, there is currently a lack of evidence on whether uptake of paraphernalia has any impact on paraphernalia sharing among injecting drug users (IDU). The aim of this study was to examine the factors associated with paraphernalia sharing; in particular, whether uptake of filters, spoons and sterile water from IEPs is associated with a reduction in the sharing of these items. Methods: A cross-sectional voluntary anonymous survey of 2037 IDUs was administered during 2008-2009. Participants were asked whether they had shared filters, spoons or water (paraphernalia) in the previous 6 months, and their uptake of these items from an IEP during an average week in the previous 6 months. Results: Self-reported uptake of paraphernalia in an average week during the previous 6 months was associated with reduced odds of sharing paraphernalia: (i) uptake of >30 filters was associated with a reduced odds of sharing filters (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.50, 95% confidence interval 0.32-0.79); (ii) uptake of >30 spoons was associated with a reduced odds of sharing spoons (AOR 0.46, 95% confidence interval 0.28-0.74); and (iii) uptake of sterile water was associated with a reduced odds of sharing water (AOR 0.36, 95% confidence interval 0.22-0.61) compared to no uptake of each of these items. Conclusions: Uptake of paraphernalia appears to be associated with safer injecting practice. Further research is needed to establish the impact of paraphernalia provision on HCV transmission. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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KW - Injecting drug use

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KW - Sharing

KW - Hepatitis C

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