Type-D personality mechanisms of effect: the role of health-related behavior and social support

Lynn Williams, Rory C. O'Connor, Siobhan Howard, Brian M. Hughes, Derek W. Johnston, Julia L. Hay, Daryl B. O'Connor, Christopher A. Lewis, Eamonn Ferguson, Noel Sheehy, Madeleine A. Grealy, Ronan E. O'Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective
To (a) investigate the prevalence of type-D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) in a healthy British and Irish population; (b) to test the influence of type-D on health-related behavior, and (c) to determine if these relationships are explained by neuroticism.
Methods
A cross-sectional design was employed; 1012 healthy young adults (225 males, 787 females, mean age 20.5 years) from the United Kingdom and Ireland completed measures of type-D personality, health behaviors, social support, and neuroticism.
Results
The prevalence of type-D was found to be 38.5%, significantly higher than that reported in other European countries. In addition, type-D individuals reported performing significantly fewer health-related behaviors and lower levels of social support than non-type-D individuals. These relationships remained significant after controlling for neuroticism.
Conclusion
These findings provide new evidence on type-D and suggest a role for health-related behavior in explaining the link between type-D and poor clinical prognosis in cardiac patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-69
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cardiovascular disease
  • health-related behavior
  • neuroticism
  • social support
  • type-D personality

Cite this

Williams, L., O'Connor, R. C., Howard, S., Hughes, B. M., Johnston, D. W., Hay, J. L., ... O'Carroll, R. E. (2008). Type-D personality mechanisms of effect: the role of health-related behavior and social support. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 64(1), 63-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.06.008
Williams, Lynn ; O'Connor, Rory C. ; Howard, Siobhan ; Hughes, Brian M. ; Johnston, Derek W. ; Hay, Julia L. ; O'Connor, Daryl B. ; Lewis, Christopher A. ; Ferguson, Eamonn ; Sheehy, Noel ; Grealy, Madeleine A. ; O'Carroll, Ronan E. / Type-D personality mechanisms of effect : the role of health-related behavior and social support. In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2008 ; Vol. 64, No. 1. pp. 63-69.
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Williams, L, O'Connor, RC, Howard, S, Hughes, BM, Johnston, DW, Hay, JL, O'Connor, DB, Lewis, CA, Ferguson, E, Sheehy, N, Grealy, MA & O'Carroll, RE 2008, 'Type-D personality mechanisms of effect: the role of health-related behavior and social support' Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 63-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.06.008

Type-D personality mechanisms of effect : the role of health-related behavior and social support. / Williams, Lynn; O'Connor, Rory C.; Howard, Siobhan; Hughes, Brian M.; Johnston, Derek W.; Hay, Julia L.; O'Connor, Daryl B.; Lewis, Christopher A.; Ferguson, Eamonn; Sheehy, Noel; Grealy, Madeleine A.; O'Carroll, Ronan E.

In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol. 64, No. 1, 01.2008, p. 63-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Type-D personality mechanisms of effect

T2 - the role of health-related behavior and social support

AU - Williams, Lynn

AU - O'Connor, Rory C.

AU - Howard, Siobhan

AU - Hughes, Brian M.

AU - Johnston, Derek W.

AU - Hay, Julia L.

AU - O'Connor, Daryl B.

AU - Lewis, Christopher A.

AU - Ferguson, Eamonn

AU - Sheehy, Noel

AU - Grealy, Madeleine A.

AU - O'Carroll, Ronan E.

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Y1 - 2008/1

N2 - ObjectiveTo (a) investigate the prevalence of type-D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) in a healthy British and Irish population; (b) to test the influence of type-D on health-related behavior, and (c) to determine if these relationships are explained by neuroticism.MethodsA cross-sectional design was employed; 1012 healthy young adults (225 males, 787 females, mean age 20.5 years) from the United Kingdom and Ireland completed measures of type-D personality, health behaviors, social support, and neuroticism.ResultsThe prevalence of type-D was found to be 38.5%, significantly higher than that reported in other European countries. In addition, type-D individuals reported performing significantly fewer health-related behaviors and lower levels of social support than non-type-D individuals. These relationships remained significant after controlling for neuroticism.ConclusionThese findings provide new evidence on type-D and suggest a role for health-related behavior in explaining the link between type-D and poor clinical prognosis in cardiac patients.

AB - ObjectiveTo (a) investigate the prevalence of type-D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) in a healthy British and Irish population; (b) to test the influence of type-D on health-related behavior, and (c) to determine if these relationships are explained by neuroticism.MethodsA cross-sectional design was employed; 1012 healthy young adults (225 males, 787 females, mean age 20.5 years) from the United Kingdom and Ireland completed measures of type-D personality, health behaviors, social support, and neuroticism.ResultsThe prevalence of type-D was found to be 38.5%, significantly higher than that reported in other European countries. In addition, type-D individuals reported performing significantly fewer health-related behaviors and lower levels of social support than non-type-D individuals. These relationships remained significant after controlling for neuroticism.ConclusionThese findings provide new evidence on type-D and suggest a role for health-related behavior in explaining the link between type-D and poor clinical prognosis in cardiac patients.

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KW - health-related behavior

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M3 - Article

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SP - 63

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JO - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

JF - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

SN - 0022-3999

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ER -