Traditional, video and extended reality (XR) assisted flipped classroom teaching methods: an approach and comparison

Parag Vichare, Sushil Paudel, Bishal Rimal, Sujan Adhikari, Violetta Panchenko, Rameshwar Rijal, Keshav Dahal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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This paper examines the comparative effectiveness of three distinct Flipped Classroom (FC) teaching methods in the context of Power and Electrical (PE) engineering education: Traditional Flipped Classroom (TFC), Video-Assisted Teaching Methods (VAFC), and Virtual Reality Flipped Classroom (VRFC). The study incorporates valuable feedback from students who experienced these methods and provides an evaluation of their perceptions. A cross-over methodology for comparing these FC methods is presented. The VAFC method is perceived to be an effective approach and preferred over TFC and VRFC by students. The paper also provides Teachers' perception in implementing above FC methods, which outlines a process for developing VAFC and VRFC teaching resources. Operational difficulties in implementing such methods are highlighted, especially in the context of fast-paced, privately-catered undergraduate education sector striving for implementing non-conventional teaching methods.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2023 15th International Conference on Software, Knowledge, Information Management and Applications (SKIMA)
EditorsTan Kim Geok, Nurul Mu’azzah Abdul Latiff, Usman Ullah Sheikh
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9798350316551
ISBN (Print)9798350316568
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2024


  • flipped classroom
  • extended reality
  • virtual reality
  • video-assisted teaching
  • power engineering
  • higher education
  • pedagogy


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