Tourism for the emancipation of the oppressed: towards a critical tourism education drawing on Freirean philosophy

Karla Boluk, Sandro Carnicelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


Drawing on the work of Paulo Freire (e.g., 1970; 1972; 1973), the aim of this paper is to reconsider the potential impact that critical pedagogy could have on tourism education. Specifically, the authors consider the democratic and emancipatory potential of applying Freire's work, and opportunities for implementing a critical pedagogical approach across tourism curriculum. Joining Hall and Smyth (2016) we engage in a process of critically questioning pedagogical practices in an effort to dismantle dominant structures. This paper establishes the importance of Freire's work to tourism education, supported by a conceptual framework. It proposes ways to implement emancipatory practices, supporting the reconceptualisation and reorientation of tourism curriculum and emphasising the generation of social value.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-179
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
Early online date13 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019



  • Co-learning
  • Critical pedagogy
  • Paulo Freire
  • Pedagogical practices
  • Tourism curriculum

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