Time-of-day effect on cardiac responses to progressive exercise

Thomas Rowland, Viswanath Unnithan, Piers Barker, Martin Lindley, Denise Roche, Max Garrard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This study was designed to examine time-of-day effects on markers of cardiac functional capacity during a standard progressive cycle exercise test. Fourteen healthy, untrained young males (mean ± SD: 17.9 ± 0.7 yrs of age) performed identical maximal cycle tests in the morning (08:00–11:00 h) and late afternoon (16:00–19:00 h) in random order. Cardiac variables were measured at rest, submaximal exercise, and maximal exercise by standard echocardiographic techniques. No differences in morning and afternoon testing values at rest or during exercise were observed for oxygen uptake, heart rate, cardiac output, or markers of systolic and diastolic myocardial function. Values at peak exercise for Vo2 at morning and afternoon testing were 3.20 ± 0.49 and 3.24 ± 0.55 L min−1, respectively, for heart rate 190 ± 11 and 188 ± 15 bpm, and for cardiac output 19.5 ± 2.8 and 19.8 ± 3.5 L min−1. Coefficients of variation for morning and afternoon values for these variables were similar to those previously published for test-retest reproducibility. This study failed to demonstrate evidence for significant time-of-day variation in Vo2max or cardiac function during standard progressive exercise testing in adolescent males.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-616
Number of pages6
JournalChronobiology International
Issue number7
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • aerobic fitness
  • Circadian rhythm
  • exercise
  • heart function


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