Third sector approaches to bridging the distance from the employment market for people with multiple and complex needs: an evidence review

Julie Clark, Joanna Ferrie, Nicholas Watson

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


Designing and implementing policy to meet the needs of people with multiple and complex needs is receiving increasing attention. This report presents evidence drawn from a range of publications on how the third sector organisations have engaged with and supported people facing multiple and complex needs, on their journey to employment. It has drawn on literature from within a UK, the EU Australia and the US published, over the last 5 years. The objectives of the review were to map what the literature indicates about the most effective ways to support people facing multiple and complex needs are; to give examples of good practice, identify the role of volunteering and to describe what outcomes have been evidenced in respect to successful approaches by third sector organisations in bridging distance from the employment market.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherThe Scottish Government
Commissioning bodyThe Scottish Government
Number of pages61
ISBN (Print)9780755978670
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes



  • Employment
  • employability
  • multiple complex needs
  • inequality
  • Scotland
  • policy

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