Thermo-mechanical analysis of a single-pass weld overlay and girth welding in lined pipe

Obeid Obeid*, Giulio Alfano , Hamid Bahai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)


The paper presents a nonlinear heat-transfer and mechanical finite-element (FE) analyses of a two-pass welding process of two segments of lined pipe made of a SUS304 stainless steel liner and a C-Mn steel pipe. The two passes consist of the single-pass overlay welding (inner lap weld) of the liner with the C-Mn steel pipe for each segment and the single-pass girth welding (outer butt weld) of the two segments. A distributed power density of the moving welding torch and a nonlinear heat-transfer coefficient accounting for both radiation and convection have been used in the analysis and implemented in user subroutines for the FE code ABAQUS. The modeling procedure has been validated against previously published experimental results for stainless steel and carbon steel welding separately. The model has been then used to determine the isotherms induced by the weld overlay and the girth welding and to clarify their influence on the transient temperature field and residual stress in the lined pipe. Furthermore, the influence of the cooling time between weld overlay and girth welding and of the welding speed have been examined thermally and mechanically as they are key factors that can affect the quality of lined pipe welding.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3861-3876
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Early online date17 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • finite element
  • girth welding
  • lined pipe
  • residual stresses
  • temperature fields
  • weld overlay


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