For forty years, Western societies have experienced complex cultural, socio-economic and political shifts leading to various individualized forms of socialization, community fragmentation, rapid social change and lifestyle modification. Moreover, the changes taking place in the world of work bring uncertainty / risk, competitiveness and instability in the labor market. Despite increased productivity, these changes contributed to the deepening of social inequalities in both developed and developing countries. Therefore, young people now create their own life / work projects in an increasingly complex, demanding and uncertain world. This symposium was to propose a reflection on how tocareer guidance and counseling - CGC), both in terms of research and practice, in order to actually help young people to move freely in the world of work, with increasingly sharp inequalities. The research results presented during the symposium concerned social groups most exposed to the consequences of socio-economic inequalities, where there is the greatest risk of difficulties in constructing life / work projects and experiences on the labor market (i.e. professional instability and unemployment).