The sub-Saharan female entrepreneurship in ecosystem: case of United Republic of Tanzania

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Abstract

This study aims at exploring female entrepreneurship ecosystem within the Sub-Saharan Africa using the case of united republic of Tanzania. The research objectives are;
 To examine the entrepreneurship activities within the Sub-Saharan Africa particularly the United Republic of Tanzania.
 To assess the key barriers to female entrepreneurs entry and growth within this zone.
 To develop some strategies for policy and institutional areas for growth and sustainability.
Prior Work: within Sub-Saharan Africa, female entrepreneurship has become the most dynamic approach to socio-economic transformation and development (Adly, 2014). This is mostly related to private sector development; micro, small and medium-sized enterprise policies, job creation and innovation as well as competition (Nziku, 2013).
Approach: an empirical study has been conducted using quantitative data with sample survey of entrepreneurs from the united republic of Tanzania. Variables like; access to finance, education and training, access to infrastructure, rule of law, property rights, entry to the formal market, contract enforcement, bankruptcy and exit, corruption and labour have been used to form the primary data from Tanzania while secondary source of data were employed for studying the phenomenon in the rest of Sub-Sahara African countries. Sample selection was based on the general information that was available from secondary data in relating to the rest of the Sub-Sahara African countries. This was mainly based on the individual entrepreneurs’ personal profile like; age, gender and education background of an individual entrepreneur. The study aims at producing potential descriptive as well as analytical knowledge that can serve to the purpose of informing the policy debate and the drive for institutional reforms within the sab-Sahara African countries particularly Tanzania.
Results: this particular study has identified the definition of entrepreneurship as being used in most of the Sub-Sahara African countries. This has developed the critical responsiveness to researchers of entrepreneurship in the developing countries with the aim of shaping the concept that will best fit the phenomenon being researched.
Implications: the study outcomes are meant to be used by researchers and policy makers, to inform the impact of ecosystem in resources, institutions, policies and regulatory bodies within Sub-Saharan particularly the united republic of Tanzania. This study will also develop some strategies for policy and institutional areas for growth and sustainability together with bringing an input towards increasing the number of empirical studies of entrepreneurship in ecosystem and the barriers to entry and exit as there still scarcity of empirical work within Tanzania and Sub-Saharan Africa at large.
Value: this particular study aims at contributing in the impact of ecosystem factors in resource, institutions, policies and regulations towards influencing as well as being influenced by Sub-Sahara African female entrepreneurs. This will provide a comprehensive summary of the literature with regard to entrepreneurship in ecosystem, entrepreneurial experience of women, and discussing the likely policy measures required to encourage female entrepreneurs within Tanzania and other developing countries within the Sub-Saharan Africa.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Keywords

  • female entrepreneurship
  • ecosystem
  • policies
  • sub-Saharan Africa
  • United Republic of Tanzania

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