The role of bio-monitoring in the risk assessment of heavy metals and metalloids in mining and urban environments

Julita Markiewicz-Patkowska, Judit Gal, Andrew Hursthouse, Wojciech Adamski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The application of monitoring techniques, to assess levels of heavy metals and metalloids, is possible using a variety of approaches. In particular the analysis of biological species as indicators of contamination offers opportunity for immediate assessment of wide regions. This study allows investigating the potential of different biological indicators (terrestrial animals, plants, animal faces) for identifying the spatial distribution of a range of heavy metals and arsenic in contaminated and relatively pristine soil systems in Central and Southern Scotland.
Correlation of selected analytes gave good linear relations but varied from element to element. The results obtained established woodlice, fern and sheep faces as suitable objects for further long-term monitoring research, which can provide quantitative information on different pollutants in soils.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-17
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironment Protection Engineering
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2004


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