The policy discourses that shaped the ‘transformation’ of Glasgow in the later 20th century

‘overspill’, ‘redeployment’ and the ‘culture of enterprise’

Chik Collins, Ian Levitt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Discussion of the ‘transformation’ of the first generation industrial cities of Europe and northern America is tightly linked to understandings of their ‘industrial decline’. Commonly, this latter process is presented in terms of the declining ‘competitiveness’ of these cities as the post-1970 liberalisation of international trade and improving communications, changed the global economic order. With ‘traditional’ industries collapsing, the challenge was for cities to make the ‘transition’ to ‘post-industrialism’, in which the service sector – and particularly, retail, leisure, tourism and the arts and culture – would assume a much larger role. Crucially, for the purposes of this chapter, this ‘transition’ is commonly seen as one which was fundamentally induced by the force of economic circumstances, rather than being chosen, or driven, by governments or civic leaders. This chapter draws on new research in government archives, both those of the Scottish Office and the Cabinet Office of the UK Government, covering the period from 1945 until the early 1990s. The research, originally conducted to inform a larger project on Glasgow’s ‘excess mortality’, indicates that the city’s industrial decline and the associated policy responses cannot be adequately understood based on the kind of view outlined above. It shows that Glasgow’s industrial decline was actively embraced and accelerated by Scottish policy makers from the early 1960s, as part of a wider regional economic policy agenda which was to be largely sustained for decades, and which was to have seriously adverse consequences for the city and its citizens.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransforming Glasgow
Subtitle of host publicationbeyond the post-industrial city
EditorsKeith Kintrea, Rebecca Madgin
Place of PublicationBristol
PublisherPolicy Press
ISBN (Electronic)9781447349808, 9781447349815
ISBN (Print)9781447349778
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jul 2019

Fingerprint

discourse
regional economic policy
first generation
tertiary sector
world trade
competitiveness
liberalization
economics
communications
mortality
Tourism
art
leader
citizen
industry

Cite this

Collins, C., & Levitt, I. (Accepted/In press). The policy discourses that shaped the ‘transformation’ of Glasgow in the later 20th century: ‘overspill’, ‘redeployment’ and the ‘culture of enterprise’. In K. Kintrea, & R. Madgin (Eds.), Transforming Glasgow: beyond the post-industrial city Bristol: Policy Press.
Collins, Chik ; Levitt, Ian . / The policy discourses that shaped the ‘transformation’ of Glasgow in the later 20th century : ‘overspill’, ‘redeployment’ and the ‘culture of enterprise’. Transforming Glasgow: beyond the post-industrial city. editor / Keith Kintrea ; Rebecca Madgin. Bristol : Policy Press, 2019.
@inbook{7ae4d100958b4d70854b3ffbc5d4b2f5,
title = "The policy discourses that shaped the ‘transformation’ of Glasgow in the later 20th century: ‘overspill’, ‘redeployment’ and the ‘culture of enterprise’",
abstract = "Discussion of the ‘transformation’ of the first generation industrial cities of Europe and northern America is tightly linked to understandings of their ‘industrial decline’. Commonly, this latter process is presented in terms of the declining ‘competitiveness’ of these cities as the post-1970 liberalisation of international trade and improving communications, changed the global economic order. With ‘traditional’ industries collapsing, the challenge was for cities to make the ‘transition’ to ‘post-industrialism’, in which the service sector – and particularly, retail, leisure, tourism and the arts and culture – would assume a much larger role. Crucially, for the purposes of this chapter, this ‘transition’ is commonly seen as one which was fundamentally induced by the force of economic circumstances, rather than being chosen, or driven, by governments or civic leaders. This chapter draws on new research in government archives, both those of the Scottish Office and the Cabinet Office of the UK Government, covering the period from 1945 until the early 1990s. The research, originally conducted to inform a larger project on Glasgow’s ‘excess mortality’, indicates that the city’s industrial decline and the associated policy responses cannot be adequately understood based on the kind of view outlined above. It shows that Glasgow’s industrial decline was actively embraced and accelerated by Scottish policy makers from the early 1960s, as part of a wider regional economic policy agenda which was to be largely sustained for decades, and which was to have seriously adverse consequences for the city and its citizens.",
author = "Chik Collins and Ian Levitt",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781447349778",
editor = "Keith Kintrea and Rebecca Madgin",
booktitle = "Transforming Glasgow",
publisher = "Policy Press",
address = "United Kingdom",

}

Collins, C & Levitt, I 2019, The policy discourses that shaped the ‘transformation’ of Glasgow in the later 20th century: ‘overspill’, ‘redeployment’ and the ‘culture of enterprise’. in K Kintrea & R Madgin (eds), Transforming Glasgow: beyond the post-industrial city. Policy Press, Bristol.

The policy discourses that shaped the ‘transformation’ of Glasgow in the later 20th century : ‘overspill’, ‘redeployment’ and the ‘culture of enterprise’. / Collins, Chik; Levitt, Ian .

Transforming Glasgow: beyond the post-industrial city. ed. / Keith Kintrea; Rebecca Madgin. Bristol : Policy Press, 2019.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - The policy discourses that shaped the ‘transformation’ of Glasgow in the later 20th century

T2 - ‘overspill’, ‘redeployment’ and the ‘culture of enterprise’

AU - Collins, Chik

AU - Levitt, Ian

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - Discussion of the ‘transformation’ of the first generation industrial cities of Europe and northern America is tightly linked to understandings of their ‘industrial decline’. Commonly, this latter process is presented in terms of the declining ‘competitiveness’ of these cities as the post-1970 liberalisation of international trade and improving communications, changed the global economic order. With ‘traditional’ industries collapsing, the challenge was for cities to make the ‘transition’ to ‘post-industrialism’, in which the service sector – and particularly, retail, leisure, tourism and the arts and culture – would assume a much larger role. Crucially, for the purposes of this chapter, this ‘transition’ is commonly seen as one which was fundamentally induced by the force of economic circumstances, rather than being chosen, or driven, by governments or civic leaders. This chapter draws on new research in government archives, both those of the Scottish Office and the Cabinet Office of the UK Government, covering the period from 1945 until the early 1990s. The research, originally conducted to inform a larger project on Glasgow’s ‘excess mortality’, indicates that the city’s industrial decline and the associated policy responses cannot be adequately understood based on the kind of view outlined above. It shows that Glasgow’s industrial decline was actively embraced and accelerated by Scottish policy makers from the early 1960s, as part of a wider regional economic policy agenda which was to be largely sustained for decades, and which was to have seriously adverse consequences for the city and its citizens.

AB - Discussion of the ‘transformation’ of the first generation industrial cities of Europe and northern America is tightly linked to understandings of their ‘industrial decline’. Commonly, this latter process is presented in terms of the declining ‘competitiveness’ of these cities as the post-1970 liberalisation of international trade and improving communications, changed the global economic order. With ‘traditional’ industries collapsing, the challenge was for cities to make the ‘transition’ to ‘post-industrialism’, in which the service sector – and particularly, retail, leisure, tourism and the arts and culture – would assume a much larger role. Crucially, for the purposes of this chapter, this ‘transition’ is commonly seen as one which was fundamentally induced by the force of economic circumstances, rather than being chosen, or driven, by governments or civic leaders. This chapter draws on new research in government archives, both those of the Scottish Office and the Cabinet Office of the UK Government, covering the period from 1945 until the early 1990s. The research, originally conducted to inform a larger project on Glasgow’s ‘excess mortality’, indicates that the city’s industrial decline and the associated policy responses cannot be adequately understood based on the kind of view outlined above. It shows that Glasgow’s industrial decline was actively embraced and accelerated by Scottish policy makers from the early 1960s, as part of a wider regional economic policy agenda which was to be largely sustained for decades, and which was to have seriously adverse consequences for the city and its citizens.

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9781447349778

BT - Transforming Glasgow

A2 - Kintrea, Keith

A2 - Madgin, Rebecca

PB - Policy Press

CY - Bristol

ER -

Collins C, Levitt I. The policy discourses that shaped the ‘transformation’ of Glasgow in the later 20th century: ‘overspill’, ‘redeployment’ and the ‘culture of enterprise’. In Kintrea K, Madgin R, editors, Transforming Glasgow: beyond the post-industrial city. Bristol: Policy Press. 2019