The physiological effects of swimming competition on 16–17-year-old elite female swimmers

Amanda J. Griffin, Viswanath B. Unnithan, Peter Ridges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a weekend of swimming competition on various physiological parameters in a group of elite female swimmers. Eight female swimmers (age, 16.6 ± 0.5 years) participated in this study. Resting blood lactate (Bla) and heart rate (HR) were taken at the beginning of each testing session. Testing involved a discontinuous incremental peak VO2 treadmill test during which on-line, measures of VO2 were obtained. HR and Bla measurements were taken at the end of each exercise increment. A 30-s leg Wingate test (WAnT) was used to measure anaerobic power. Paired t-tests were carried out on all data. Resting HR was significantly higher and submaximal and maximal HR were significantly lower comparing pre- and postcompetition (p < .005). Resting Bla and submaximal VO2 were significantly higher postcompetition (p < .005). The results suggest that swimming competition causes a number of the recognized symptoms related to excitatory (acute) overtraining
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-31
Number of pages10
JournalPediatric Exercise Science
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1999

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Heart Rate
Lactic Acid
Exercise Test
Leg

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abstract = "The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a weekend of swimming competition on various physiological parameters in a group of elite female swimmers. Eight female swimmers (age, 16.6 ± 0.5 years) participated in this study. Resting blood lactate (Bla) and heart rate (HR) were taken at the beginning of each testing session. Testing involved a discontinuous incremental peak VO2 treadmill test during which on-line, measures of VO2 were obtained. HR and Bla measurements were taken at the end of each exercise increment. A 30-s leg Wingate test (WAnT) was used to measure anaerobic power. Paired t-tests were carried out on all data. Resting HR was significantly higher and submaximal and maximal HR were significantly lower comparing pre- and postcompetition (p < .005). Resting Bla and submaximal VO2 were significantly higher postcompetition (p < .005). The results suggest that swimming competition causes a number of the recognized symptoms related to excitatory (acute) overtraining",
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The physiological effects of swimming competition on 16–17-year-old elite female swimmers. / Griffin, Amanda J.; Unnithan, Viswanath B.; Ridges, Peter.

In: Pediatric Exercise Science, Vol. 11, No. 1, 02.1999, p. 22-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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