The observation of vibrating pear-shapes in radon nuclei

P.A. Butler*, L.P. Gaffney, P. Spagnoletti, J. Konki, M. Scheck, J.F. Smith, K. Abrahams, M. Bowry, J. Cederkäll, T. Chupp, G. de Angelis, H. De Witte, P.E. Garrett, A. Goldkuhle, C. Henrich, A. Illana, K. Johnston, D.T. Joss, J.M. Keatings, N.A. KellyM. Komorowska, T. Kröll, M. Lozano, B.S. Nara Singh, D. O'Donnell, J. Ojala, R.D. Page, L.G. Pedersen, C. Raison, P. Reiter, J.A. Rodriguez, D. Rosiak, S. Rothe, T.M. Shneidman, B. Siebeck, M. Seidlitz, J. Sinclair, M. Stryjczyk, P. Van Duppen, S. Vinals, V. Virtanen, N. Warr, K. Wrzosek-Lipska, M. Zielinska

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

There is a large body of evidence that atomic nuclei can undergo octupole distortion and assume the shape of a pear. This phenomenon is important for measurements of electric-dipole moments of atoms, which would indicate CP violation and hence probe physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. Isotopes of both radon and radium have been identified as candidates for such measurements. Here, we observed the low-lying quantum states in 224Rn and 226Rn by accelerating beams of these radioactive nuclei. We show that radon isotopes undergo octupole vibrations but do not possess static pear-shapes in their ground states. We conclude that radon atoms provide less favourable conditions for the enhancement of a measurable atomic electric-dipole moment.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2473 (2019)
JournalNature Communications
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2019

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Butler, P. A., Gaffney, L. P., Spagnoletti, P., Konki, J., Scheck, M., Smith, J. F., ... Zielinska, M. (2019). The observation of vibrating pear-shapes in radon nuclei. Nature Communications, 10, [2473 (2019)]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-10494-5