The lifestyle behaviours of young adults with intellectual disabilities as they transition from school to adulthood: a pilot and feasibility study

Fiona Mitchell*, Gemma Stevens, Andrew Jahoda, Lynsay Matthews, Catherine Hankey, Heather Murray, Craig Melville

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
In the general population, the transition from adolescence to adulthood has been identified as a “high-risk” period for weight gain. There has been no research examining health behaviours over this transition in adults with intellectual disabilities.

Methods/design
The feasibility of recruitment, retention and relevant health behaviours were measured in 31 adolescents with mild-moderate intellectual disabilities. Anthropometric, objective physical activity, dietary and self-determination measures were collected over a 12-month transitional period from school to adulthood.

Results
Key results suggest weight and BMI increased significantly from month 6 to month 12 (p = 0.044 and p = 0.043). Waist circumference increased significantly from baseline to month 12 (p = 0.049), and from month 6 to month 12 (p = 0.03).

Discussion
Recruiting and retaining young adults with intellectual disabilities over a 12-month health behaviour study is feasible. The data indicate the transition from school to adulthood may be the start of a high-risk period for weight gain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1154-1163
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of applied research in intellectual disabilities : JARID
Volume31
Issue number6
Early online date28 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • diet
  • intellectual disabilities
  • lifestyle behaviours
  • physical activity
  • transition
  • weight gain prevention

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