The influence of a high intensity physical activity intervention on a selection of health related outcomes: an ecological approach

Duncan S. Buchan, Stewart Ollis, Non E. Thomas, Julien S. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of mortality throughout the world. With accumulating evidence suggesting that CVD has its origins in childhood, it is unsurprising that research into obesity prevalence within school aged youth is burgeoning. 

Within this study our primary objective will be to examine whether high intensity interval training (HIT) improves the CVD risk profile of secondary school aged adolescents. Our secondary objective will be to identify the prevalence of CVD risk factors and examine factors associated with these in adolescents aged 15-18 years.

METHOD/DESIGN

A South Lanarkshire school of low socioeconomic status (SES) was selected to participate in the study intervention. Participants from secondary 5 (15-17 years) and 6 (16-18 years) will be recruited for this study. Participants from secondary 6 will be randomly assigned to Group A (HIT) or Group B (moderate-vigorous) and will perform each protocol three times weekly. The secondary 5 participants will act as the control group. Data collection will take place during the Physical Education (PE) lessons and on school premises and will include: anthropometrical variables (height, weight, waist and hip circumferences, skinfold thickness at two sites), physiological responses (blood pressure, aerobic fitness, heart rate (HR) response, vertical jump performance, 10-metre (m) sprint, 50-m sprint and 505-agility test), diet (self-reported seven-day food diary), physical activity (Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A)) and blood tests (fasting glucose, insulin, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), fibrinogen (Fg), interleukin-6 (IL-6), adiponectin (high molecular weight), triglyceride and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). An environmental audit of the secondary school and the health related quality of life (HRQOL) of the participants will also be measured. Finally, all exercise sessions will be video recorded and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and mood states will also be taken after each exercise session.

DISCUSSION

Our study may be able to demonstrate a time efficient means of reducing CVD risk factors in adolescents.

TRIAL REGISTRATION

NCT01027156

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Exercise
Health
Diet Records
Skinfold Thickness
Physical Education and Training
School Health Services
Adiponectin
Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1
Hematologic Tests
Waist Circumference
Social Class
C-Reactive Protein
Fibrinogen
HDL Cholesterol
Hip
Interleukin-6
Fasting
Triglycerides
Obesity
Heart Rate

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Obesity
  • Physical Education and Training
  • Prospective Studies
  • Statistics, Nonparametric

Cite this

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title = "The influence of a high intensity physical activity intervention on a selection of health related outcomes: an ecological approach",
abstract = "BACKGROUNDCardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of mortality throughout the world. With accumulating evidence suggesting that CVD has its origins in childhood, it is unsurprising that research into obesity prevalence within school aged youth is burgeoning. Within this study our primary objective will be to examine whether high intensity interval training (HIT) improves the CVD risk profile of secondary school aged adolescents. Our secondary objective will be to identify the prevalence of CVD risk factors and examine factors associated with these in adolescents aged 15-18 years.METHOD/DESIGNA South Lanarkshire school of low socioeconomic status (SES) was selected to participate in the study intervention. Participants from secondary 5 (15-17 years) and 6 (16-18 years) will be recruited for this study. Participants from secondary 6 will be randomly assigned to Group A (HIT) or Group B (moderate-vigorous) and will perform each protocol three times weekly. The secondary 5 participants will act as the control group. Data collection will take place during the Physical Education (PE) lessons and on school premises and will include: anthropometrical variables (height, weight, waist and hip circumferences, skinfold thickness at two sites), physiological responses (blood pressure, aerobic fitness, heart rate (HR) response, vertical jump performance, 10-metre (m) sprint, 50-m sprint and 505-agility test), diet (self-reported seven-day food diary), physical activity (Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A)) and blood tests (fasting glucose, insulin, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), fibrinogen (Fg), interleukin-6 (IL-6), adiponectin (high molecular weight), triglyceride and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). An environmental audit of the secondary school and the health related quality of life (HRQOL) of the participants will also be measured. Finally, all exercise sessions will be video recorded and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and mood states will also be taken after each exercise session.DISCUSSIONOur study may be able to demonstrate a time efficient means of reducing CVD risk factors in adolescents.TRIAL REGISTRATIONNCT01027156",
keywords = "Adolescent, Cardiovascular Diseases, Evidence-Based Medicine, Exercise, Female, Health Status, Humans, Male, Obesity, Physical Education and Training, Prospective Studies, Statistics, Nonparametric",
author = "Buchan, {Duncan S.} and Stewart Ollis and Thomas, {Non E.} and Baker, {Julien S.}",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2458-10-8",
language = "English",
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journal = "BMC Public Health",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of a high intensity physical activity intervention on a selection of health related outcomes

T2 - an ecological approach

AU - Buchan, Duncan S.

AU - Ollis, Stewart

AU - Thomas, Non E.

AU - Baker, Julien S.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - BACKGROUNDCardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of mortality throughout the world. With accumulating evidence suggesting that CVD has its origins in childhood, it is unsurprising that research into obesity prevalence within school aged youth is burgeoning. Within this study our primary objective will be to examine whether high intensity interval training (HIT) improves the CVD risk profile of secondary school aged adolescents. Our secondary objective will be to identify the prevalence of CVD risk factors and examine factors associated with these in adolescents aged 15-18 years.METHOD/DESIGNA South Lanarkshire school of low socioeconomic status (SES) was selected to participate in the study intervention. Participants from secondary 5 (15-17 years) and 6 (16-18 years) will be recruited for this study. Participants from secondary 6 will be randomly assigned to Group A (HIT) or Group B (moderate-vigorous) and will perform each protocol three times weekly. The secondary 5 participants will act as the control group. Data collection will take place during the Physical Education (PE) lessons and on school premises and will include: anthropometrical variables (height, weight, waist and hip circumferences, skinfold thickness at two sites), physiological responses (blood pressure, aerobic fitness, heart rate (HR) response, vertical jump performance, 10-metre (m) sprint, 50-m sprint and 505-agility test), diet (self-reported seven-day food diary), physical activity (Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A)) and blood tests (fasting glucose, insulin, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), fibrinogen (Fg), interleukin-6 (IL-6), adiponectin (high molecular weight), triglyceride and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). An environmental audit of the secondary school and the health related quality of life (HRQOL) of the participants will also be measured. Finally, all exercise sessions will be video recorded and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and mood states will also be taken after each exercise session.DISCUSSIONOur study may be able to demonstrate a time efficient means of reducing CVD risk factors in adolescents.TRIAL REGISTRATIONNCT01027156

AB - BACKGROUNDCardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of mortality throughout the world. With accumulating evidence suggesting that CVD has its origins in childhood, it is unsurprising that research into obesity prevalence within school aged youth is burgeoning. Within this study our primary objective will be to examine whether high intensity interval training (HIT) improves the CVD risk profile of secondary school aged adolescents. Our secondary objective will be to identify the prevalence of CVD risk factors and examine factors associated with these in adolescents aged 15-18 years.METHOD/DESIGNA South Lanarkshire school of low socioeconomic status (SES) was selected to participate in the study intervention. Participants from secondary 5 (15-17 years) and 6 (16-18 years) will be recruited for this study. Participants from secondary 6 will be randomly assigned to Group A (HIT) or Group B (moderate-vigorous) and will perform each protocol three times weekly. The secondary 5 participants will act as the control group. Data collection will take place during the Physical Education (PE) lessons and on school premises and will include: anthropometrical variables (height, weight, waist and hip circumferences, skinfold thickness at two sites), physiological responses (blood pressure, aerobic fitness, heart rate (HR) response, vertical jump performance, 10-metre (m) sprint, 50-m sprint and 505-agility test), diet (self-reported seven-day food diary), physical activity (Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A)) and blood tests (fasting glucose, insulin, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), fibrinogen (Fg), interleukin-6 (IL-6), adiponectin (high molecular weight), triglyceride and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). An environmental audit of the secondary school and the health related quality of life (HRQOL) of the participants will also be measured. Finally, all exercise sessions will be video recorded and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and mood states will also be taken after each exercise session.DISCUSSIONOur study may be able to demonstrate a time efficient means of reducing CVD risk factors in adolescents.TRIAL REGISTRATIONNCT01027156

KW - Adolescent

KW - Cardiovascular Diseases

KW - Evidence-Based Medicine

KW - Exercise

KW - Female

KW - Health Status

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Obesity

KW - Physical Education and Training

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Statistics, Nonparametric

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2458-10-8

DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-10-8

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

ER -