The impact of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on recovery after intensive, muscle damaging, maximal speed training in professional team sports players

Tom Taylor, Daniel J. West, Glyn Howatson, Chris Jones, Richard M. Bracken, Thomas D. Love, Christian J. Cook, Eamon Swift, Julien S. Baker, Liam P. Kilduff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

ObjectivesDuring congested fixture periods in team sports, limited recovery time and increased travel hinder the implementation of many recovery strategies; thus alternative methods are required. We examined the impact of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation device on 24-h recovery from an intensive training session in professional players. 
DesignTwenty-eight professional rugby and football academy players completed this randomised and counter-balanced study, on 2 occasions, separated by 7 days. 
MethodsAfter baseline perceived soreness, blood (lactate and creatine kinase) and saliva (testosterone and cortisol) samples were collected, players completed a standardised warm-up and baseline countermovement jumps (jump height). Players then completed 60 m x 50 m maximal sprints, with 5 min recovery between efforts. After completing the sprint session, players wore a neuromuscular electrical stimulation device or remained in normal attire (CON) for 8 h. All measures were repeated immediately, 2 and 24-h post-sprint. 
Results Player jump height was reduced from baseline at all time points under both conditions; however, at 24-h neuromuscular electrical stimulation was significantly more recovered (mean SD; neuromuscular electrical stimulation -3.2 +/- 3.2 vs. CON -7.2 +/- 3.7%; P < 0.001). Creatine kinase concentrations increased at all time points under both conditions, but at 24-h was lower under neuromuscular electrical stimulation (P = 0.001). At 24-h, perceived soreness was significantly lower under neuromuscular electrical stimulation, when compared to CON (P = 0.02). There was no effect of condition on blood lactate, or saliva testosterone and cortisol responses (P>0.05). 
Conclusions Neuromuscular electrical stimulation improves recovery from intensive training in professional team sports players. This strategy offers an easily applied recovery strategy which may have particular application during sleep and travel. (C) 2014 Sports Medicine Australia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-332
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

Keywords

  • Performance
  • Testosterone
  • Creatine kinase
  • Cortisol

Cite this

Taylor, Tom ; West, Daniel J. ; Howatson, Glyn ; Jones, Chris ; Bracken, Richard M. ; Love, Thomas D. ; Cook, Christian J. ; Swift, Eamon ; Baker, Julien S. ; Kilduff, Liam P. / The impact of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on recovery after intensive, muscle damaging, maximal speed training in professional team sports players. In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2015 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 328-332.
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The impact of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on recovery after intensive, muscle damaging, maximal speed training in professional team sports players. / Taylor, Tom; West, Daniel J.; Howatson, Glyn; Jones, Chris; Bracken, Richard M.; Love, Thomas D.; Cook, Christian J.; Swift, Eamon; Baker, Julien S.; Kilduff, Liam P.

In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 18, No. 3, 05.2015, p. 328-332.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The impact of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on recovery after intensive, muscle damaging, maximal speed training in professional team sports players

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AU - West, Daniel J.

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AU - Jones, Chris

AU - Bracken, Richard M.

AU - Love, Thomas D.

AU - Cook, Christian J.

AU - Swift, Eamon

AU - Baker, Julien S.

AU - Kilduff, Liam P.

PY - 2015/5

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N2 - ObjectivesDuring congested fixture periods in team sports, limited recovery time and increased travel hinder the implementation of many recovery strategies; thus alternative methods are required. We examined the impact of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation device on 24-h recovery from an intensive training session in professional players. DesignTwenty-eight professional rugby and football academy players completed this randomised and counter-balanced study, on 2 occasions, separated by 7 days. MethodsAfter baseline perceived soreness, blood (lactate and creatine kinase) and saliva (testosterone and cortisol) samples were collected, players completed a standardised warm-up and baseline countermovement jumps (jump height). Players then completed 60 m x 50 m maximal sprints, with 5 min recovery between efforts. After completing the sprint session, players wore a neuromuscular electrical stimulation device or remained in normal attire (CON) for 8 h. All measures were repeated immediately, 2 and 24-h post-sprint. Results Player jump height was reduced from baseline at all time points under both conditions; however, at 24-h neuromuscular electrical stimulation was significantly more recovered (mean SD; neuromuscular electrical stimulation -3.2 +/- 3.2 vs. CON -7.2 +/- 3.7%; P < 0.001). Creatine kinase concentrations increased at all time points under both conditions, but at 24-h was lower under neuromuscular electrical stimulation (P = 0.001). At 24-h, perceived soreness was significantly lower under neuromuscular electrical stimulation, when compared to CON (P = 0.02). There was no effect of condition on blood lactate, or saliva testosterone and cortisol responses (P>0.05). Conclusions Neuromuscular electrical stimulation improves recovery from intensive training in professional team sports players. This strategy offers an easily applied recovery strategy which may have particular application during sleep and travel. (C) 2014 Sports Medicine Australia.

AB - ObjectivesDuring congested fixture periods in team sports, limited recovery time and increased travel hinder the implementation of many recovery strategies; thus alternative methods are required. We examined the impact of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation device on 24-h recovery from an intensive training session in professional players. DesignTwenty-eight professional rugby and football academy players completed this randomised and counter-balanced study, on 2 occasions, separated by 7 days. MethodsAfter baseline perceived soreness, blood (lactate and creatine kinase) and saliva (testosterone and cortisol) samples were collected, players completed a standardised warm-up and baseline countermovement jumps (jump height). Players then completed 60 m x 50 m maximal sprints, with 5 min recovery between efforts. After completing the sprint session, players wore a neuromuscular electrical stimulation device or remained in normal attire (CON) for 8 h. All measures were repeated immediately, 2 and 24-h post-sprint. Results Player jump height was reduced from baseline at all time points under both conditions; however, at 24-h neuromuscular electrical stimulation was significantly more recovered (mean SD; neuromuscular electrical stimulation -3.2 +/- 3.2 vs. CON -7.2 +/- 3.7%; P < 0.001). Creatine kinase concentrations increased at all time points under both conditions, but at 24-h was lower under neuromuscular electrical stimulation (P = 0.001). At 24-h, perceived soreness was significantly lower under neuromuscular electrical stimulation, when compared to CON (P = 0.02). There was no effect of condition on blood lactate, or saliva testosterone and cortisol responses (P>0.05). Conclusions Neuromuscular electrical stimulation improves recovery from intensive training in professional team sports players. This strategy offers an easily applied recovery strategy which may have particular application during sleep and travel. (C) 2014 Sports Medicine Australia.

KW - Performance

KW - Testosterone

KW - Creatine kinase

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JO - Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

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