The impact of known criminogenic factors on offenders with intellectual disability: previous findings and new results on ADHD

William R. Lindsay, Derek Carson, Anthony J. Holland, John L. Taylor, Gregory O'Brien, Jessica R. Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background
Developmental and index offence variables have been implicated strongly in later criminal behaviour and service pathways and this paper investigated attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) which, with conduct disorder, has emerged from previous studies on offenders. ADHD and conduct disorder are over-represented among criminal populations when compared to the general population. The present authors reviewed the extent to which ADHD affected the presentation of offenders with intellectual disability.

Method
Information related to index behaviour, history of problem behaviours, childhood adversity and psychiatric diagnoses was recorded in 477 referrals to forensic intellectual disability services. Comparisons were made between those with a previous diagnosis of ADHD and those without.

Results
The ADHD group showed higher proportions of physical aggression, substance use, previous problems including aggression, sexual offences and property offences, birth problems and abuse in childhood. Effect sizes were small.

Conclusion
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with conduct disorder is associated with a greater degree and history of problematic behaviour in offenders with intellectual disability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-80
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

ADHD
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Intellectual Disability
offender
disability
Conduct Disorder
Aggression
aggression
childhood
offense
sexual offense
criminality
Mental Disorders
Population
Referral and Consultation
abuse
Parturition
history
Group

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • intellectual disability
  • offending
  • referral pathways
  • service prediction

Cite this

Lindsay, William R. ; Carson, Derek ; Holland, Anthony J. ; Taylor, John L. ; O'Brien, Gregory ; Wheeler, Jessica R. / The impact of known criminogenic factors on offenders with intellectual disability : previous findings and new results on ADHD. In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 2012 ; Vol. 26, No. 1. pp. 71-80.
@article{eeb2a68417b54c74984e886c971e5154,
title = "The impact of known criminogenic factors on offenders with intellectual disability: previous findings and new results on ADHD",
abstract = "Background Developmental and index offence variables have been implicated strongly in later criminal behaviour and service pathways and this paper investigated attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) which, with conduct disorder, has emerged from previous studies on offenders. ADHD and conduct disorder are over-represented among criminal populations when compared to the general population. The present authors reviewed the extent to which ADHD affected the presentation of offenders with intellectual disability. Method Information related to index behaviour, history of problem behaviours, childhood adversity and psychiatric diagnoses was recorded in 477 referrals to forensic intellectual disability services. Comparisons were made between those with a previous diagnosis of ADHD and those without. ResultsThe ADHD group showed higher proportions of physical aggression, substance use, previous problems including aggression, sexual offences and property offences, birth problems and abuse in childhood. Effect sizes were small. Conclusion Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with conduct disorder is associated with a greater degree and history of problematic behaviour in offenders with intellectual disability.",
keywords = "ADHD, intellectual disability, offending, referral pathways, service prediction",
author = "Lindsay, {William R.} and Derek Carson and Holland, {Anthony J.} and Taylor, {John L.} and Gregory O'Brien and Wheeler, {Jessica R.}",
year = "2012",
month = "12",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1111/jar.12011",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "71--80",
journal = "Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities",
issn = "1360-2322",
publisher = "Blackwell Science Ltd",
number = "1",

}

The impact of known criminogenic factors on offenders with intellectual disability : previous findings and new results on ADHD. / Lindsay, William R.; Carson, Derek; Holland, Anthony J.; Taylor, John L.; O'Brien, Gregory; Wheeler, Jessica R.

In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, Vol. 26, No. 1, 18.12.2012, p. 71-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of known criminogenic factors on offenders with intellectual disability

T2 - previous findings and new results on ADHD

AU - Lindsay, William R.

AU - Carson, Derek

AU - Holland, Anthony J.

AU - Taylor, John L.

AU - O'Brien, Gregory

AU - Wheeler, Jessica R.

PY - 2012/12/18

Y1 - 2012/12/18

N2 - Background Developmental and index offence variables have been implicated strongly in later criminal behaviour and service pathways and this paper investigated attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) which, with conduct disorder, has emerged from previous studies on offenders. ADHD and conduct disorder are over-represented among criminal populations when compared to the general population. The present authors reviewed the extent to which ADHD affected the presentation of offenders with intellectual disability. Method Information related to index behaviour, history of problem behaviours, childhood adversity and psychiatric diagnoses was recorded in 477 referrals to forensic intellectual disability services. Comparisons were made between those with a previous diagnosis of ADHD and those without. ResultsThe ADHD group showed higher proportions of physical aggression, substance use, previous problems including aggression, sexual offences and property offences, birth problems and abuse in childhood. Effect sizes were small. Conclusion Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with conduct disorder is associated with a greater degree and history of problematic behaviour in offenders with intellectual disability.

AB - Background Developmental and index offence variables have been implicated strongly in later criminal behaviour and service pathways and this paper investigated attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) which, with conduct disorder, has emerged from previous studies on offenders. ADHD and conduct disorder are over-represented among criminal populations when compared to the general population. The present authors reviewed the extent to which ADHD affected the presentation of offenders with intellectual disability. Method Information related to index behaviour, history of problem behaviours, childhood adversity and psychiatric diagnoses was recorded in 477 referrals to forensic intellectual disability services. Comparisons were made between those with a previous diagnosis of ADHD and those without. ResultsThe ADHD group showed higher proportions of physical aggression, substance use, previous problems including aggression, sexual offences and property offences, birth problems and abuse in childhood. Effect sizes were small. Conclusion Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with conduct disorder is associated with a greater degree and history of problematic behaviour in offenders with intellectual disability.

KW - ADHD

KW - intellectual disability

KW - offending

KW - referral pathways

KW - service prediction

U2 - 10.1111/jar.12011

DO - 10.1111/jar.12011

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 71

EP - 80

JO - Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities

JF - Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities

SN - 1360-2322

IS - 1

ER -