The functions of phonology in the acquisition of reading: lexical and sentence processing

Rhona S. Johnston, G.Brian Thompson, Claire M. Fletcher-Flinn, Christopher Holligan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It has been claimed (Y. Coltheart, Laxon, Rickard, & Elton, 1988) that learners as well as skilledreaders use phonology for multiple functions in reading-far-meaning tasks. This claim was examinedusing lexical decision and sentence evaluation tasks. It was found in the first experiment that thetype of instruction learners had received determined whether there was prelexical use of phonologyin responding to items out of sentence context. Typeof instruction had no effect when the items werein context. In the second experiment, performances on a homophone sentence evaluation task anda homophone semantic decision task, which excluded sentence processing, were examined. The resultssuggest that phonology served the function of access to lexical meanings in addition to anyfunction in postlexical sentence processing. The obtained relationships between relative frequenciesof the presented and unpresented homophone mates and item accuracy on these tasks were inconsistentwith exclusive use of "direct access" but consistent with access of lexical meanings viaphonology and application of a "spelling-check" procedure when multiple homophonic meanings areactivated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-766
Number of pages18
JournalMemory & Cognition
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reading
Semantics
Phonology
Sentence Processing
Lexical Processing
Homophones
Evaluation
Lexical Meaning
Experiment
Lexical Decision
Prelexical
Spelling
Post-lexical
Sentence Context
Mate

Keywords

  • Decision task
  • Stimulus type
  • Lexical decision task
  • Visual similarity
  • Phonological representation

Cite this

Johnston, Rhona S. ; Thompson, G.Brian ; Fletcher-Flinn, Claire M. ; Holligan, Christopher. / The functions of phonology in the acquisition of reading : lexical and sentence processing. In: Memory & Cognition. 1995 ; Vol. 23, No. 6. pp. 749-766.
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The functions of phonology in the acquisition of reading : lexical and sentence processing. / Johnston, Rhona S.; Thompson, G.Brian; Fletcher-Flinn, Claire M.; Holligan, Christopher.

In: Memory & Cognition, Vol. 23, No. 6, 01.08.1995, p. 749-766.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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