The effects of time and intensity of exercise on novel and established markers of CVD in adolescent youth

Duncan S. Buchan, Stewart Ollis, John D. Young, Non E. Thomas, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Tom K. Tong, Jinlei Nie, Robert M. Malina, Julien S. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ObjectivesThis article examines the effects of brief, intense exercise in comparison with traditional endurance exercise on both novel and traditional markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in youth.
MethodsForty seven boys and ten girls (16.4 +/- 0.7 years of age) were divided into a moderate (MOD), high intensity (HIT), or a control group. The MOD group (12 boys, 4 girls) and HIT group (15 boys, 2 girls) performed three weekly exercise sessions over 7 weeks. Each session consisted of either four to six repeats of maximal sprint running within a 20 m area with 20-30 s recovery (HIT) or 20 min continuous running within a 20 m area at similar to 70% maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2)max).
ResultsTotal exercise time commitment over the intervention was 420 min (MOD) and 63 min (HIT). Training volume was 85% lower for the HIT group. Total estimated energy expenditure was similar to 907.2 kcal (HIT) and similar to 4410 kcal (MOD). Significant improvements (P <= 0.05) were found in systolic blood pressure, aerobic fitness, and body mass index (BMI) postintervention (HIT). In the MOD group, significant (P <= 0.05) improvements were noted in aerobic fitness, percentage body fat (%BF), BMI, fibrinogen (Fg), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, and insulin concentrations.
ConclusionsThese findings demonstrate that brief, intense exercise is a time efficient means for improving CVD risk factors in adolescents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-526
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Biology
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of time and intensity of exercise on novel and established markers of CVD in adolescent youth'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this