The effects of temperature on the performance of electrochemical double layer capacitors

S.I. Fletcher, F.B. Sillars, R.C. Carter, A.J. Cruden, M. Mirzaeian, N.E. Hudson, J.A. Parkinson, P.J. Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An electrochemical double layer capacitor test cell containing activated carbon xerogel electrodes and ionic liquid electrolyte was tested at 15, 25 and 40 °C to examine the effect of temperature on electrolyte resistance (RS) and equivalent series resistance (ESR) measured using impedance spectroscopy and capacitance using charge/discharge cycling. A commercial 10 F capacitor was used as a comparison. Viscosity, ionic self-diffusion coefficients and differential scanning calorimetry measurements were used to provide an insight into the behaviour of the 1,2-dimethyl-3-propylimdazolium electrolyte. Both RS and ESR decreased with increasing temperature for both capacitors. Increasing the temperature also increased the capacitance for both the test cell and the commercial capacitor but proportionally more for the test cell. An increase in temperature decreased the ionic liquid electrolyte viscosity and increased the self-diffusion coefficients of both the anion and the cation indicating an increase in dissociation and increase in ionic mobility.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7484-7488
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume195
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

electrochemical capacitors
Electrolytes
Capacitors
electrolytes
Ionic Liquids
capacitors
Ionic liquids
Capacitance
diffusion coefficient
capacitance
cells
Viscosity
viscosity
ionic diffusion
ionic mobility
Temperature
Xerogels
xerogels
temperature
activated carbon

Keywords

  • Electrochemical double layer capacitor
  • Ionic liquid
  • Temperature effects

Cite this

Fletcher, S. I., Sillars, F. B., Carter, R. C., Cruden, A. J., Mirzaeian, M., Hudson, N. E., ... Hall, P. J. (2010). The effects of temperature on the performance of electrochemical double layer capacitors. Journal of Power Sources, 195(21), 7484-7488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.05.043
Fletcher, S.I. ; Sillars, F.B. ; Carter, R.C. ; Cruden, A.J. ; Mirzaeian, M. ; Hudson, N.E. ; Parkinson, J.A. ; Hall, P.J. / The effects of temperature on the performance of electrochemical double layer capacitors. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2010 ; Vol. 195, No. 21. pp. 7484-7488.
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Fletcher, SI, Sillars, FB, Carter, RC, Cruden, AJ, Mirzaeian, M, Hudson, NE, Parkinson, JA & Hall, PJ 2010, 'The effects of temperature on the performance of electrochemical double layer capacitors', Journal of Power Sources, vol. 195, no. 21, pp. 7484-7488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.05.043

The effects of temperature on the performance of electrochemical double layer capacitors. / Fletcher, S.I.; Sillars, F.B.; Carter, R.C.; Cruden, A.J.; Mirzaeian, M.; Hudson, N.E.; Parkinson, J.A.; Hall, P.J.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 195, No. 21, 01.11.2010, p. 7484-7488.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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