The effects of sex and residual cannabis use on emotion processing

an event related potential study

Lucy J. Troup, Jeremy A. Andrzejewski, Robert D. Torrence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Cannabis use has been shown to affect processing of emotional facial expressions as measured by the P1 and P3 event-related potential (ERP) components. These components have been shown to be related to emotion processing in particular attention to emotion. Previous research also indicates that there are sex differences in how cannabis effects males and females as well as how they process emotion. This study examined the relationship between the effects of residual cannabis use and sex differences in 144 participants (F = 80) in a facial expression emotion processing task. Both the P1 and P3 ERP components were compared in male and female participants in non-cannabis user, casual cannabis user and heavy cannabis user groupings. The task involved implicitly, explicitly and empathically identifying emotional expressions (angry, happy neutral and fearful) in male and females faces. There were differences between males and females in both the P1 and P3 ERP in relation to cannabis use. Males had a larger P1 than females with cannabis use and a smaller P3. Differences in the P1 were observed in both positive and negative emotion and between tasks in relation to cannabis use patterns. Differences in the P3 were seen in heavy male users for empathy happy and casual male users implicit angry when compared to females. These differences highlight the important of considering sex differences in regard to the effects of cannabis, in particular in emotion processing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-325
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume27
Issue number4
Early online date17 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Cannabis
Evoked Potentials
Emotions
P300 Event-Related Potentials
Sex Characteristics
Facial Expression
Research

Keywords

  • Cannabis
  • Emotion processing
  • Sex differences
  • Event related potentials
  • ERPs

Cite this

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title = "The effects of sex and residual cannabis use on emotion processing: an event related potential study",
abstract = "Cannabis use has been shown to affect processing of emotional facial expressions as measured by the P1 and P3 event-related potential (ERP) components. These components have been shown to be related to emotion processing in particular attention to emotion. Previous research also indicates that there are sex differences in how cannabis effects males and females as well as how they process emotion. This study examined the relationship between the effects of residual cannabis use and sex differences in 144 participants (F = 80) in a facial expression emotion processing task. Both the P1 and P3 ERP components were compared in male and female participants in non-cannabis user, casual cannabis user and heavy cannabis user groupings. The task involved implicitly, explicitly and empathically identifying emotional expressions (angry, happy neutral and fearful) in male and females faces. There were differences between males and females in both the P1 and P3 ERP in relation to cannabis use. Males had a larger P1 than females with cannabis use and a smaller P3. Differences in the P1 were observed in both positive and negative emotion and between tasks in relation to cannabis use patterns. Differences in the P3 were seen in heavy male users for empathy happy and casual male users implicit angry when compared to females. These differences highlight the important of considering sex differences in regard to the effects of cannabis, in particular in emotion processing.",
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The effects of sex and residual cannabis use on emotion processing : an event related potential study. / Troup, Lucy J.; Andrzejewski, Jeremy A.; Torrence, Robert D.

In: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, Vol. 27, No. 4, 08.2019, p. 318-325.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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