The biogeochemistry of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the Clyde: Distribution and source evaluation: distribution and source evaluation

P J. Edgar, I M. Davies, A S. Hursthouse, J E. Matthews

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Abstract

The River Clyde, on the West coast of Scotland, has a long history as a recipient of waste from heavy industries, including shipbuilding, textile manufacturing, paper production, and military base operations. It is also the focus of the Glasgow conurbation, and receives discharges of sewage sludge. From these activities organic contaminants have entered the Clyde, The le,els of PCBs in the Clyde area were determined in a survey of surface sediments from 95 sites analysed for 22 chlorinated biphenyl (CB) congeners, As expected, areas of high total organic carbon or fine grain sediment contained high le, els of PCBs, However, one sandy site with low organic carbon contained the highest levels of contamination (1,822 mu g kg(-1)). Further investigation at this site is ongoing to establish geochemical controls on the distribution. Elsewhere, the distribution patterns of homologue groups and of CB 153 normalised data both showed similar congener patterns in areas of co-varying salinities and mater residence times. The influence of the Clyde Estuary on PCB levels in the Gareloch was investigated using Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Similar distribution patterns were observed for the undisturbed intertidal estuarine samples and the Gareloch samples, while sediments from the main dredged channel had a different distribution which probably reflects historical inputs to the area.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486-496
Number of pages11
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1999

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Keywords

  • Firth of Clyde
  • estuary
  • chlorobiphenyls

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