The association between alcohol use and hepatitis C status among injecting drug users in Glasgow

Maureen C. O'Leary, Sharon J. Hutchinson, Elizabeth Allen, Norah Palmateer, Sheila Cameron, Avril Taylor, David J. Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We investigated the association between actual and self-reported hepatitis C virus (HCV) status and alcohol consumption among injecting drug users (IDUs) to determine whether IDUs who self-report as HCV infected comply with UK guidelines on safe drinking and to determine risk factors for drinking. Methods: We conducted a repeat cross-sectional survey of IDUs accessing harm reduction services in Glasgow in 2005 and 2007. We measured self-reported weekly alcohol consumption, excess drinking (defined as exceeding the UK Royal College of Physician's guidelines for safe drinking of 14 units/week for women and 21 units/week for men) and HCV antibodies (anonymously in oral fluid). Results: Among IDUs who tested HCV antibody positive, 65% drank alcohol and 29% drank to excess, compared to 61% (p = 0.3) and 18% (p < 0.001) of those who tested negative, respectively. IDUs who self-reported as HCV positive were less likely to drink but as likely to drink to excess as self-reported negatives or those with HCV status unknown, both among all IDUs and those who tested HCV antibody positive. Among the antibody positives, excess drinking was associated with incarceration (aOR = 2.56; 95% CI: 1.28-5.12), homelessness within six months of interview (aOR = 3.60; 95% CI: 2.00-6.48) and homelessness more than six months before interview (aOR = 1.93; 95% CI: 1.06-3.53). Conclusions: IDUs who believe they are HCV infected are more likely to, abstain from alcohol, but those who drink continue to do so to excess. IDUs diagnosed with HCV need greater support to reduce their alcohol consumption. (c) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-189
Number of pages10
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume123
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Hepatitis C
  • Injecting drug users

Cite this

O'Leary, M. C., Hutchinson, S. J., Allen, E., Palmateer, N., Cameron, S., Taylor, A., & Goldberg, D. J. (2012). The association between alcohol use and hepatitis C status among injecting drug users in Glasgow. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 123(1-3), 180-189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.11.008