Teacher implicit and explicit beliefs towards inclusive education

Claire Wilson, Lisa Woolfson, Kevin Durkin

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Purpose
When working with children with an intellectual disability (ID), it is unclear whether teachers’ engage in effortful, deliberative thought processing or use their immediate perceptions of the child to guide behaviour. We examined the impact of teacher implicit and explicit beliefs towards children with ID on reported inclusive teaching.

Methods
Mainstream primary teachers (n=87) from Scottish schools completed the Single Target Implicit Association Test assessing implicit attitudes towards children with ID. Participants also completed a self-report questionnaire measuring explicit attitudes, self-efficacy and reported inclusive behaviours.

Findings

Teachers’ implicit attitudes did not relate to reported inclusive behaviour. However, stronger relationships
between implicit attitudes and reported behaviour were identified in teachers low in self-efficacy. The most
important predictor of teachers’ reported inclusive behaviour was self-efficacy.

Discussion

The findings suggest the need to support teachers in enhancing self-efficacy beliefs to teach a child with ID.
This may be beneficial to the use of inclusive teaching strategies and prevent automatic beliefs guiding
behaviour.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventPsyPAG Conference 2016 - University of York, York, United Kingdom
Duration: 27 Jul 201629 Jul 2016
https://psypag2016.wordpress.com/

Conference

ConferencePsyPAG Conference 2016
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityYork
Period27/07/1629/07/16
Internet address

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self-efficacy
teacher
disability
education
teaching strategy
questionnaire
Teaching
school

Cite this

Wilson, C., Woolfson, L., & Durkin, K. (2016). Teacher implicit and explicit beliefs towards inclusive education. Paper presented at PsyPAG Conference 2016, York, United Kingdom.
Wilson, Claire ; Woolfson, Lisa ; Durkin, Kevin. / Teacher implicit and explicit beliefs towards inclusive education. Paper presented at PsyPAG Conference 2016, York, United Kingdom.
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Wilson, C, Woolfson, L & Durkin, K 2016, 'Teacher implicit and explicit beliefs towards inclusive education' Paper presented at PsyPAG Conference 2016, York, United Kingdom, 27/07/16 - 29/07/16, .

Teacher implicit and explicit beliefs towards inclusive education. / Wilson, Claire; Woolfson, Lisa; Durkin, Kevin.

2016. Paper presented at PsyPAG Conference 2016, York, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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Y1 - 2016/7/27

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AB - PurposeWhen working with children with an intellectual disability (ID), it is unclear whether teachers’ engage in effortful, deliberative thought processing or use their immediate perceptions of the child to guide behaviour. We examined the impact of teacher implicit and explicit beliefs towards children with ID on reported inclusive teaching.MethodsMainstream primary teachers (n=87) from Scottish schools completed the Single Target Implicit Association Test assessing implicit attitudes towards children with ID. Participants also completed a self-report questionnaire measuring explicit attitudes, self-efficacy and reported inclusive behaviours.FindingsTeachers’ implicit attitudes did not relate to reported inclusive behaviour. However, stronger relationshipsbetween implicit attitudes and reported behaviour were identified in teachers low in self-efficacy. The mostimportant predictor of teachers’ reported inclusive behaviour was self-efficacy.DiscussionThe findings suggest the need to support teachers in enhancing self-efficacy beliefs to teach a child with ID.This may be beneficial to the use of inclusive teaching strategies and prevent automatic beliefs guidingbehaviour.

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Wilson C, Woolfson L, Durkin K. Teacher implicit and explicit beliefs towards inclusive education. 2016. Paper presented at PsyPAG Conference 2016, York, United Kingdom.