Strength adaptation to squat exercise is different between Caucasian and South Asian novice exercisers

Allan Knox, Nicholas Sculthorpe, Julien S. Baker, Fergal Grace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
103 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This study compared the progression of muscular strength (MS) adaptation between age-matched Caucasian (CAUC) and South Asian (SOU) men during 6 weeks (3× week−1) of resistance training. MS was determined pre and post intervention by 3-repetition maximum (3RM) strength tests, and data were analysed using repeated measures ANOVA. Pre-intervention upper and lower body 3RM were similar between groups and both upper and lower body 3RM increased in CAUCs (P < .001) and SOUs (P < .001) following resistance training. However, lower body strength adaptation (3RM) was higher in CAUCs compared with SOUs (P = .002). There was a significant group × time interaction in strength progression of the squat exercise (P = 0.03) from session 7 through to 18 (completion). The present study offers novel but provisional data that lower body strength adaptation is slower in SOU than CAUC men despite comparable adaptation to upper body strength.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-383
Number of pages11
JournalResearch in Sports Medicine
Volume25
Issue number3
Early online date16 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Apr 2017

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Resistance Training
Exercise
Analysis of Variance

Keywords

  • resistance training
  • racial
  • South Asian
  • muscular
  • adaptation

Cite this

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title = "Strength adaptation to squat exercise is different between Caucasian and South Asian novice exercisers",
abstract = "This study compared the progression of muscular strength (MS) adaptation between age-matched Caucasian (CAUC) and South Asian (SOU) men during 6 weeks (3× week−1) of resistance training. MS was determined pre and post intervention by 3-repetition maximum (3RM) strength tests, and data were analysed using repeated measures ANOVA. Pre-intervention upper and lower body 3RM were similar between groups and both upper and lower body 3RM increased in CAUCs (P < .001) and SOUs (P < .001) following resistance training. However, lower body strength adaptation (3RM) was higher in CAUCs compared with SOUs (P = .002). There was a significant group × time interaction in strength progression of the squat exercise (P = 0.03) from session 7 through to 18 (completion). The present study offers novel but provisional data that lower body strength adaptation is slower in SOU than CAUC men despite comparable adaptation to upper body strength.",
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Strength adaptation to squat exercise is different between Caucasian and South Asian novice exercisers. / Knox, Allan; Sculthorpe, Nicholas; Baker, Julien S.; Grace, Fergal.

In: Research in Sports Medicine, Vol. 25, No. 3, 16.04.2017, p. 373-383.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Strength adaptation to squat exercise is different between Caucasian and South Asian novice exercisers

AU - Knox, Allan

AU - Sculthorpe, Nicholas

AU - Baker, Julien S.

AU - Grace, Fergal

N1 - PMID: 28412865 18 months embargo

PY - 2017/4/16

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AB - This study compared the progression of muscular strength (MS) adaptation between age-matched Caucasian (CAUC) and South Asian (SOU) men during 6 weeks (3× week−1) of resistance training. MS was determined pre and post intervention by 3-repetition maximum (3RM) strength tests, and data were analysed using repeated measures ANOVA. Pre-intervention upper and lower body 3RM were similar between groups and both upper and lower body 3RM increased in CAUCs (P < .001) and SOUs (P < .001) following resistance training. However, lower body strength adaptation (3RM) was higher in CAUCs compared with SOUs (P = .002). There was a significant group × time interaction in strength progression of the squat exercise (P = 0.03) from session 7 through to 18 (completion). The present study offers novel but provisional data that lower body strength adaptation is slower in SOU than CAUC men despite comparable adaptation to upper body strength.

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KW - racial

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