State-of-the-art cryogenic machining and processing

Alborz Shokrani, Vimal Dhokia, Patricia Munoz De Escalona, S.T. Newman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

136 Citations (Scopus)


This article is a state-of-the-art review of the use of cryogenic cooling using liquefied gases in machining. The review is classified into two major categories, namely cryogenic processing and cryogenic machining. In cryogenic processing also known as cryo-processing, the cutting tool material is subjected to cryogenic temperatures as a part of its heat treatment process. The majority of the reported studies identify that cryo-processing can considerably increase cutting tool life especially for high speed steel tools. It also identified that, in cryogenic machining, a cryogen is used as a cooling substance during cutting operations. The cryogen can be used to freeze the workpiece material and/or cutting tool. This article concludes that cryogenic cooling has demonstrated significant improvements in machinability by changing the material properties of the cutting tool and/or workpiece material at the cutting zone, altering the coefficient of friction and reducing the cutting temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-648
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • cryogenic machining
  • cryogenic processing
  • cryogenic cooling
  • machinability


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