Spongionella Secondary Metabolites Regulate Store Operated Calcium Entry Modulating Mitochondrial Functioning in SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells

J.A. Sánchez, Amparo Alfonso, Marta Leirós, Mostafa Rateb, Marcel Jaspars, W.E. Houssen, Rainer Ebel, Luís M. Botana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: The effect of four secondary metabolites isolated from sponge Spongionella, gracilins H, A, L and tetrahydroaplysulphurin-1 on Calcium ion (Ca2+) fluxes were studied in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.

Methods and Results: These compounds did not modify cytosolic baseline Ca2+-levels. Nevertheless, when cytosolic Ca2+-influx through store operated calcium channels (SOC channels) was stimulated with Thapsigargin (Tg), a strong inhibition was observed in the presence of gracilin A, gracilin L and tetrahydroaplysulphurin-1. Since these compounds were able to protect mitochondria from oxidative stress, the role of this organelle in the Ca2+-influx inhibition was tested. In this sense, carbonyl cyanide 4-(trifluoromethoxy) phenylhydrazone (FCCP) and Cyclosporine A (CsA) were used. Surprisingly, both the inhibitory effect over Tg-sensitive stores and Ca2+ influx through SOC channels produced by FCCP were abolished with different potencies by Spongionella compounds in a similar way than CsA. CsA is able to avoid Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore (mPTP) opening. As well as CsA, Spongionella compounds reverted mPTP opening induced by FCCP. In the case of CsA the mPTP blockade is due to the direct binding to Cyclophilin D (Cyp D), a mitochondrial matrix protein. This association was also observed between gracilin L and tetrahydroaplysulphurin-1 and Cyp D. Therefore, Spongionella compounds modulate mitochondrial activity by preventing mPTP opening by binding to Cyp D.

Conclusions: These effects make Spongionella compounds as new family of compounds with promising activity in human diseases where mitochondrial alterations are implicated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-792
JournalCellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

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