Spaces of contest for religious education reform in comparative perspectives: Scotland and Malawi as cases

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Educational reforms, particularly in a contested subject such as Religious Education (RE), have unsettled boundaries principally because actors demand or expect different outcomes of these reforms. In the cases of Scotland and Malawi the present paper examines how different stakeholders have engaged with RE reforms. It thus ascertains whether, if at all, there are major points of difference on salient issues that underscore the micro-politics of RE reform in radically diverse national contexts, one African (Malawi) and other European (Scotland). It concludes that despite the complexity of RE as a school subject and subtle differences in national contexts in which it is debated and constructed, there is greater similarity on issues that underpin the micro-politics of RE reform in transnational contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-386
JournalCompare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Religious Education
  • micro-politics of reform
  • Scotland and Malawi

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