Space-time modeling of rainfall rate for satellite networks

Guangguang Yang, David L. Ndzi*, Abdul-Hadi Al-Hassani, Misha Filip, David Paul

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
82 Downloads (Pure)


A new comprehensive space-time model for the characterization of point rainfall rate is presented. A detailed assessment of four key rain characteristics (probability of rain/no rain condition, first and second order lognormal statistics and, space and time correlation functions) with consideration of the impact of varying spatial-temporal integration lengths are discussed. A set of empirical equations have been developed and the results show that they provide estimates of probability of rain/no rain with root mean square errors of less than 1.3 in space and 0.04 in time. They provide good estimates of the parameters at any space-time scales, particularly at higher resolutions that are of great importance to the design and planning of networks operating at frequencies above 10 GHz. In particular, the authors have created databases of rain characteristic parameters spanning North West Europe from which rain rate at any location of interest at different space-time scales can be conveniently obtained. These have been validated by comparing the rain rate exceedance distribution, R0.01 , from the model estimates at different space-time scales across the British Isles with values calculated from measured data. It has been found that the proposed model gives highly accurate estimates of R0.01 for the continental area with error percentages (E) generally less than 2.5 but the error percentage increases at the edges of the radar scans and in the oceanic area due to low data availability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70496-70504
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2020


  • Rainfall rate
  • Rainfall characteristics
  • Radio-wave propagation
  • Space-time model
  • Satellite


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