“Soccer hooligan” studies: giving the Marxist approach another chance

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In this article I review key studies in the academic literature on soccer hooliganism. This review does not aim to be complete because this literature is voluminous and growing day by day. The academic theories can be divided into: the early-dominant “figurational” or “process-sociological” approach of Dunning et al.; the “anthropological” approach of Armstrong and Harris; the post-modern approach of Giulianotti; the Marxist approach of Taylor, Clarke, and Hargreaves; the “ethogenic” approach of Marsh; the “psychological reversal theory” approach of Kerr; and the historically sensitive / historical approaches of King and Robson. Later in the article I revisit the Marxist theoretical perspective, originally associated with Ian Taylor. I argue that, although Marxist perspectives are now unfashionable throughout academia, this perspective still has something to offer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Fitness, Medicine & Treatment in Sports
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2018


  • Australian soccer
  • Crowd behaviour
  • Football hooliganism
  • Marxism
  • Melbourne Knights
  • Neo-tribes
  • Soccer hooliganism
  • Sports history


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