RNA sequencing identified novel target genes for Adansonia digitata in breast and colon cancer cells

Omar S. El-Masry*, Arafat Goja, Mostafa Rateb, Amani Y. Owaidah, Khaldoon Alsamman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adansonia digitata exhibits numerous beneficial effects. In the current study, we investigated the anti-cancer effects of four different extracts of A. digitata (polar and non-polar extracts of fruit powder and fibers) on the proliferation of human colon cancer (HCT116), human breast cancer (MCF-7), and human ovarian cancer (OVCAR-3 and OVCAR-4) cell lines. RNA sequencing revealed the influence of the effective A. digitata fraction on the gene expression profiles of responsive cells. The results indicated that only the polar extract of the A. digitata fibers exhibited anti-proliferative activities against HCT116 and MCF-7 cells, but not ovarian cancer cells. Moreover, the polar extract of the fibers resulted in the modulation of the expression of multiple genes in HCT116 and MCF-7 cells. We propose that casein kinase 2 alpha 3 (CSNK2A3) is a novel casein kinase 2 (CSNK2) isoform in HCT116 cells and report, for the first time, the potential involvement of FYVE, RhoGEF, and PH domain-containing 3 (FGD3) in colon cancer. Together, these findings provide evidence supporting the anti-cancer potential of the polar extract of A. digitata fibers in this experimental model of breast and colon cancers.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages25
JournalScience progress
Volume104
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Adansonia digitata
  • colon cancer
  • RNA sequencing
  • LC-HMRS
  • cell proliferation
  • HCT-116
  • MCF-7

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