Responses of children with cerebral palsy to treadmill walking exercise in the heat

Desiree Maltais, Boguslaw Wilk, Viswanath Unnithan, Oded Bar-Or

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: When metabolic rate during arm-cranking in the heat is equated between children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) and matched controls (CON), there are no relevant intergroup differences in heat strain. The metabolic rate, however, is known to be higher in CP during treadmill walking. The purpose of this study was to determine if during treadmill walking in the heat, the higher oxygen uptake (V̇O2), and thus greater metabolic heat production in those with CP would result in greater heat strain compared with able-bodied, matched CON.

Methods: Ten boys and girls (10.3–16.3 yr) with spastic CP and 10 individually matched (age, body size, biological maturity, gender, race) healthy CON performed 3 × 10-min treadmill walking bouts in 35°C, 50% RH. Body mass, metabolic variables, heart rate (HR), body temperatures, and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were periodically measured. Individuals within each CP-CON pair walked at the same speed and slope (0.9 ± 0.4 m·s−1, 3.3 ± 0.6%).

Results: Steady-state V̇O2 during walking, body temperatures, and HR were all higher in the CP group compared with CON. V̇O2 was on average 40% higher, rectal temperature was 0.4°C (99% CI = 0.1–0.6°C) higher and HR (during the final minute of each exercise bout) was 37 beats·min−1 (99% CI = 19–56 beats·min−1) higher. There were no differences between the groups in sweating rate (as inferred from body mass changes corrected for fluid intake and output) or in RPE.

Conclusion: The subjects with CP demonstrated greater thermal strain than CON during treadmill walking where they require more metabolic energy and thus produce more metabolic heat than CON.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1674-1681
Number of pages8
JournalMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • heat production
  • rectal temperature
  • skin temperature
  • oxygen uptake
  • heart rate
  • adolescents


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