The overarching aim of this evaluation of an independent advocacy training service provider,
and independent rights-based advocacy service was to examine the impact of RAPA1
document the QoL of candidates and clients using the advocacy service in the context of
Using mixed methods to gather quantitative and qualitative data we evaluate Reach Advocacy
(RA) service, an independent rights-based advocacy service in the context of recovery from the
perspectives of Trainers, RA Volunteers, RAPA Candidates, and Clients (pre-Candidates)
Fieldwork took place in and around the premises of Reach Advocacy based in Coatbridge, and
service providers within North and South Lanarkshire and Glasgow.
RA client perspectives of rights-based advocacy were documented using semi structured
In addition, the WHOQoL-1002 questionnaire was used at initial contact and after a period of ten
months after initial contact, measuring QoL in the context of recovery.
RAPA candidate therapeutic attitudes to working with vulnerable client groups were
documented pre and post RAPA training using an adapted AAPPQ3
1 An inclusive rights-based approach to advocacy in the context of recovery is innovative
and markedly different from existing needs and issues-based service provision for problem AOD4
users and dual diagnosed individuals.
1 Reach Advocacy Practice Award
2 World Health Organisations quality of life 100 item questionnaire
3 Alcohol and Alcohol problems perception questionnaire
4 Alcohol and other drugs
2 Candidates successfully completing The SCQF level 7 RAPA document higher levels of
therapeutic commitment using the adapted AAPPQ which indicates that the RA services staffed
by individuals with lived experience can and do create education opportunities in the context of
recovery using innovative and national standardised vocational education.
3 Service provision underpinned by Human Rights and lived experience of individuals in
recovery, impact positively on quality of life (QoL) across the social determinants of health
documented using the WHOQoL-100. We evaluated the suitability of using the WHO QoL
questionnaire on individuals in recovery and discovered that the longer the candidates and precandidates (RA clients) were in recovery, broadly, the higher the scores in each of the 6 domains
in the WHOQoL-100. This has allowed us to introduce a new term into the recovery lexicon, that
of ‘recovery oriented QoL’. The longer a candidate is in recovery, the higher QoL mean scores.
Conversely, clients attending RA, who have not maintained or achieved long term recovery have
low QoL mean scores.
A rights-based person-centred approach to problem AOD use and dual diagnosed individuals
requires a new way to understand how to commission services. This means a move from needsbased approaches that focus on one issue such as drug and alcohol consumption, mental health,
treatment compliance, or on housing that create eligibility criteria, which can also be perceived
as barriers to recovery.
A rights-based approach to problematic AOD use and dual diagnosis services requires universal
services and commissioners to have as their starting point, the understanding that vulnerable
and marginalised AOD users and dual diagnosed individuals present with complex and concurrent
issues whilst experiencing the effects of marginalisation and discrimination.
The Social Security Bill (Scotland) 2018 describes newly devolved social security powers.
Amendment 35 states that any Advocacy Worker working with vulnerable individuals has to
abide by the advocacy service standards within a nationally recognised quality assured advocacy
award by the Scottish Qualifications Authority (SQA). The RAPA provided by Reach Advocacy fits
this criterion. The advocacy training standards indicate that services providing training in
Advocacy should have embedded quality assured processes. The RAPA has been quality assured
and assessed by the SQA and fits these criteria.
The RAPA training is underpinned by a strong focus on Human Rights aligned to The Scottish
Governments Scottish National Action Plan (SNAP) and (P.A.N.E.L) principles of Participation,
Accountability, Non-Discriminatory, Empowerment, Legality.
We recommend that service purchasers and providers acknowledge that problematic AOD users,
and dually diagnosed individuals are rights bearers, and existing services as duty bearers should
fully embrace Rights Based Advocacy (RBA), not in a tokenistic manner, to access government
funding, but at the forefront of service provision
- Human Rights Act 1998
- Drug policy
- social justice