This study examined the independent relationships between cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness with cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. Subjects were 192 adolescents (118 boys), aged 15-17.5 years. The 2 m multi-stage fitness test assessed cardiorespiratory fitness and the counter movement jump assessed muscular fitness. Additional measures included interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, adiponectin, fibrinogen and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1. Regression analysis revealed that cardiorespiratory fitness was negatively related to cardiometabolic risk ( = -0.014, p < 0.001). With additional adjustment for muscular fitness the relationship remained significant ( = -0.015, p < 0.001). Muscular fitness was negatively related to cardiometabolic risk ( = -0.021, p < 0.001) and remained significant after adjustment for cardiorespiratory fitness. Participants in the least-fit quartile for both cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness had significantly poorer cardiometabolic risk scores than those in the other quartiles. Findings revealed that muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness are significantly associated with cardiometabolic risk independently of one another.
- Cardiorespiratory fitness
- muscular fitness
Buchan, D. S., Boddy, L. M., Young, J. D., Cooper, S-M., Noakes, T. D., Mahoney, C., Shields, J. P. H., & Baker, J. S. (2015). Relationships between cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness with cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. Research in Sports Medicine, 23(3), 227-239. https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2015.1040914