Regulation of glucose transport and glycogen synthesis in L6 muscle cells during oxidative stress: evidence for cross-talk between the insulin and SAPK2/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways

Anne S. Blair, Eric Hajduch, Gary Litherland, Harinder S. Hundal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have investigated the cellular mechanisms that participate in reducing insulin sensitivity in response to increased oxidant stress in skeletal muscle. Measurement of glucose transport and glycogen synthesis in L6 myotubes showed that insulin stimulated both processes, by 2- and 5-fold, respectively. Acute (30 min) exposure of muscle cells to hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) blocked the hormonal activation of both these processes. Immunoblot analyses of cell lysates prepared after an acute oxidant challenge using phospho-specific antibodies against c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p38, protein kinase B (PKB), and p42 and p44 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases established that H(2)O(2) induced a dose-dependent activation of all five protein kinases. In vitro kinase analyses revealed that 1 mM H(2)O(2) stimulated the activity of JNK by approximately 8-fold, MAPKAP-K2 (the downstream target of p38 MAP kinase) by approximately 12-fold and that of PKB by up to 34-fold. PKB activation was associated with a concomitant inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase-3. Stimulation of the p38 pathway, but not that of JNK, was blocked by SB 202190 or SB203580, while that of p42/p44 MAP kinases and PKB was inhibited by PD 98059 and wortmannin respectively. However, of the kinases assayed, only p38 MAP kinase was activated at H(2)O(2) concentrations (50 microM) that caused an inhibition of insulin-stimulated glucose transport and glycogen synthesis. Strikingly, inhibiting the activation of p38 MAP kinase using either SB 202190 or SB 203580 prevented the loss in insulin-stimulated glucose transport, but not that of glycogen synthesis, by oxidative stress. Our data indicate that activation of the p38 MAP kinase pathway plays a central role in the oxidant-induced inhibition of insulin-regulated glucose transport, and unveils an important biochemical link between the classical stress-activated and insulin signaling pathways in skeletal muscle
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36293-36299
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 11
Oxidative stress
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
Glycogen
Muscle Cells
Muscle
Oxidative Stress
Cells
Insulin
JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Glucose
Chemical activation
Oxidants
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 12
Skeletal Muscle
Phosphotransferases
Phospho-Specific Antibodies
Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3

Cite this

@article{0197e755d5804315bc9fd2fe80c7509d,
title = "Regulation of glucose transport and glycogen synthesis in L6 muscle cells during oxidative stress: evidence for cross-talk between the insulin and SAPK2/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways",
abstract = "We have investigated the cellular mechanisms that participate in reducing insulin sensitivity in response to increased oxidant stress in skeletal muscle. Measurement of glucose transport and glycogen synthesis in L6 myotubes showed that insulin stimulated both processes, by 2- and 5-fold, respectively. Acute (30 min) exposure of muscle cells to hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) blocked the hormonal activation of both these processes. Immunoblot analyses of cell lysates prepared after an acute oxidant challenge using phospho-specific antibodies against c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p38, protein kinase B (PKB), and p42 and p44 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases established that H(2)O(2) induced a dose-dependent activation of all five protein kinases. In vitro kinase analyses revealed that 1 mM H(2)O(2) stimulated the activity of JNK by approximately 8-fold, MAPKAP-K2 (the downstream target of p38 MAP kinase) by approximately 12-fold and that of PKB by up to 34-fold. PKB activation was associated with a concomitant inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase-3. Stimulation of the p38 pathway, but not that of JNK, was blocked by SB 202190 or SB203580, while that of p42/p44 MAP kinases and PKB was inhibited by PD 98059 and wortmannin respectively. However, of the kinases assayed, only p38 MAP kinase was activated at H(2)O(2) concentrations (50 microM) that caused an inhibition of insulin-stimulated glucose transport and glycogen synthesis. Strikingly, inhibiting the activation of p38 MAP kinase using either SB 202190 or SB 203580 prevented the loss in insulin-stimulated glucose transport, but not that of glycogen synthesis, by oxidative stress. Our data indicate that activation of the p38 MAP kinase pathway plays a central role in the oxidant-induced inhibition of insulin-regulated glucose transport, and unveils an important biochemical link between the classical stress-activated and insulin signaling pathways in skeletal muscle",
author = "Blair, {Anne S.} and Eric Hajduch and Gary Litherland and Hundal, {Harinder S.}",
year = "1999",
doi = "10.1074/jbc.274.51.36293",
language = "English",
volume = "274",
pages = "36293--36299",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology",
number = "51",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Regulation of glucose transport and glycogen synthesis in L6 muscle cells during oxidative stress

T2 - evidence for cross-talk between the insulin and SAPK2/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways

AU - Blair, Anne S.

AU - Hajduch, Eric

AU - Litherland, Gary

AU - Hundal, Harinder S.

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - We have investigated the cellular mechanisms that participate in reducing insulin sensitivity in response to increased oxidant stress in skeletal muscle. Measurement of glucose transport and glycogen synthesis in L6 myotubes showed that insulin stimulated both processes, by 2- and 5-fold, respectively. Acute (30 min) exposure of muscle cells to hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) blocked the hormonal activation of both these processes. Immunoblot analyses of cell lysates prepared after an acute oxidant challenge using phospho-specific antibodies against c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p38, protein kinase B (PKB), and p42 and p44 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases established that H(2)O(2) induced a dose-dependent activation of all five protein kinases. In vitro kinase analyses revealed that 1 mM H(2)O(2) stimulated the activity of JNK by approximately 8-fold, MAPKAP-K2 (the downstream target of p38 MAP kinase) by approximately 12-fold and that of PKB by up to 34-fold. PKB activation was associated with a concomitant inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase-3. Stimulation of the p38 pathway, but not that of JNK, was blocked by SB 202190 or SB203580, while that of p42/p44 MAP kinases and PKB was inhibited by PD 98059 and wortmannin respectively. However, of the kinases assayed, only p38 MAP kinase was activated at H(2)O(2) concentrations (50 microM) that caused an inhibition of insulin-stimulated glucose transport and glycogen synthesis. Strikingly, inhibiting the activation of p38 MAP kinase using either SB 202190 or SB 203580 prevented the loss in insulin-stimulated glucose transport, but not that of glycogen synthesis, by oxidative stress. Our data indicate that activation of the p38 MAP kinase pathway plays a central role in the oxidant-induced inhibition of insulin-regulated glucose transport, and unveils an important biochemical link between the classical stress-activated and insulin signaling pathways in skeletal muscle

AB - We have investigated the cellular mechanisms that participate in reducing insulin sensitivity in response to increased oxidant stress in skeletal muscle. Measurement of glucose transport and glycogen synthesis in L6 myotubes showed that insulin stimulated both processes, by 2- and 5-fold, respectively. Acute (30 min) exposure of muscle cells to hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) blocked the hormonal activation of both these processes. Immunoblot analyses of cell lysates prepared after an acute oxidant challenge using phospho-specific antibodies against c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p38, protein kinase B (PKB), and p42 and p44 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases established that H(2)O(2) induced a dose-dependent activation of all five protein kinases. In vitro kinase analyses revealed that 1 mM H(2)O(2) stimulated the activity of JNK by approximately 8-fold, MAPKAP-K2 (the downstream target of p38 MAP kinase) by approximately 12-fold and that of PKB by up to 34-fold. PKB activation was associated with a concomitant inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase-3. Stimulation of the p38 pathway, but not that of JNK, was blocked by SB 202190 or SB203580, while that of p42/p44 MAP kinases and PKB was inhibited by PD 98059 and wortmannin respectively. However, of the kinases assayed, only p38 MAP kinase was activated at H(2)O(2) concentrations (50 microM) that caused an inhibition of insulin-stimulated glucose transport and glycogen synthesis. Strikingly, inhibiting the activation of p38 MAP kinase using either SB 202190 or SB 203580 prevented the loss in insulin-stimulated glucose transport, but not that of glycogen synthesis, by oxidative stress. Our data indicate that activation of the p38 MAP kinase pathway plays a central role in the oxidant-induced inhibition of insulin-regulated glucose transport, and unveils an important biochemical link between the classical stress-activated and insulin signaling pathways in skeletal muscle

U2 - 10.1074/jbc.274.51.36293

DO - 10.1074/jbc.274.51.36293

M3 - Article

VL - 274

SP - 36293

EP - 36299

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 51

ER -