Quantification and characterization of C-S-H in silica nanoparticles incorporated cementitious system

LP Singh, Wenzhong Zhu, Torsten Howind, U Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This paper presents the quantification and nanomechanical properties of calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H), formed at early stage hydration of tricalcium silicate (major cement phase) in presence of silica nanoparticles (SNPs). SNPs showed dominant nucleation effect at 8 h and pozzolanic effect at 24 h and accelerate the hydration rate (∼83% at 8 h and ∼51% at 24 h) due to the formation of additional C-S-H nuclei. Further, 29Si-NMR and FTIR techniques showed the acceleration in polymerization of silicate chain leading to the formation of tobermorite like structure. Formation of polymerized and crystalline C-S-H gel in presence of SNPs increases the percentage of high density C-S-H (∼40%) and lowers the low density C-S-H (∼52%) at 24 h of hydration, as observed in nanoindentation results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-116
JournalCement & Concrete Composites
Volume79
Early online date24 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

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Silicic Acid
Calcium silicate
Hydrates
Silicon Dioxide
Silica
Nanoparticles
Hydration
Silicates
Nanoindentation
Cements
Nucleation
Gels
Polymerization
Nuclear magnetic resonance
calcium silicate
Crystalline materials

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper presents the quantification and nanomechanical properties of calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H), formed at early stage hydration of tricalcium silicate (major cement phase) in presence of silica nanoparticles (SNPs). SNPs showed dominant nucleation effect at 8 h and pozzolanic effect at 24 h and accelerate the hydration rate (∼83{\%} at 8 h and ∼51{\%} at 24 h) due to the formation of additional C-S-H nuclei. Further, 29Si-NMR and FTIR techniques showed the acceleration in polymerization of silicate chain leading to the formation of tobermorite like structure. Formation of polymerized and crystalline C-S-H gel in presence of SNPs increases the percentage of high density C-S-H (∼40{\%}) and lowers the low density C-S-H (∼52{\%}) at 24 h of hydration, as observed in nanoindentation results.",
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Quantification and characterization of C-S-H in silica nanoparticles incorporated cementitious system. / Singh, LP; Zhu, Wenzhong; Howind, Torsten; Sharma, U.

In: Cement & Concrete Composites, Vol. 79, 01.05.2017, p. 106-116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantification and characterization of C-S-H in silica nanoparticles incorporated cementitious system

AU - Singh, LP

AU - Zhu, Wenzhong

AU - Howind, Torsten

AU - Sharma, U

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AB - This paper presents the quantification and nanomechanical properties of calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H), formed at early stage hydration of tricalcium silicate (major cement phase) in presence of silica nanoparticles (SNPs). SNPs showed dominant nucleation effect at 8 h and pozzolanic effect at 24 h and accelerate the hydration rate (∼83% at 8 h and ∼51% at 24 h) due to the formation of additional C-S-H nuclei. Further, 29Si-NMR and FTIR techniques showed the acceleration in polymerization of silicate chain leading to the formation of tobermorite like structure. Formation of polymerized and crystalline C-S-H gel in presence of SNPs increases the percentage of high density C-S-H (∼40%) and lowers the low density C-S-H (∼52%) at 24 h of hydration, as observed in nanoindentation results.

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SN - 0958-9465

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