Pulmonary oxygen uptake and muscle deoxygenation kinetics during recovery in trained and untrained male adolescents

Simon Marwood, Denise Roche, Max Garrard, Viswanath B. Unnithan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated faster pulmonary oxygen uptake ( V˙O2V˙O2 ) kinetics in the trained state during the transition to and from moderate-intensity exercise in adults. Whilst a similar effect of training status has previously been observed during the on-transition in adolescents, whether this is also observed during recovery from exercise is presently unknown. The aim of the present study was therefore to examine V˙O2V˙O2 kinetics in trained and untrained male adolescents during recovery from moderate-intensity exercise. 15 trained (15 ± 0.8 years, V˙O2maxV˙O2max 54.9 ± 6.4 mL kg−1 min−1) and 8 untrained (15 ± 0.5 years, V˙O2maxV˙O2max 44.0 ± 4.6 mL kg−1 min−1) male adolescents performed two 6-min exercise off-transitions to 10 W from a preceding “baseline” of exercise at a workload equivalent to 80% lactate threshold; V˙O2V˙O2 (breath-by-breath) and muscle deoxyhaemoglobin (near-infrared spectroscopy) were measured continuously. The time constant of the fundamental phase of V˙O2V˙O2 off-kinetics was not different between trained and untrained (trained 27.8 ± 5.9 s vs. untrained 28.9 ± 7.6 s, P = 0.71). However, the time constant (trained 17.0 ± 7.5 s vs. untrained 32 ± 11 s, P < 0.01) and mean response time (trained 24.2 ± 9.2 s vs. untrained 34 ± 13 s, P = 0.05) of muscle deoxyhaemoglobin off-kinetics was faster in the trained subjects compared to the untrained subjects. V˙O2V˙O2 kinetics was unaffected by training status; the faster muscle deoxyhaemoglobin kinetics in the trained subjects thus indicates slower blood flow kinetics during recovery from exercise compared to the untrained subjects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2775-2784
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume111
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Oxygen
Muscles
Lung
Exercise
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
Workload
Reaction Time
Lactic Acid
deoxyhemoglobin

Keywords

  • V˙O2 off-kinetics
  • Near-infrared spectroscopy
  • Muscle deoxyhaemoglobin
  • Training
  • Asymmetry

Cite this

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title = "Pulmonary oxygen uptake and muscle deoxygenation kinetics during recovery in trained and untrained male adolescents",
abstract = "Previous studies have demonstrated faster pulmonary oxygen uptake ( V˙O2V˙O2 ) kinetics in the trained state during the transition to and from moderate-intensity exercise in adults. Whilst a similar effect of training status has previously been observed during the on-transition in adolescents, whether this is also observed during recovery from exercise is presently unknown. The aim of the present study was therefore to examine V˙O2V˙O2 kinetics in trained and untrained male adolescents during recovery from moderate-intensity exercise. 15 trained (15 ± 0.8 years, V˙O2maxV˙O2max 54.9 ± 6.4 mL kg−1 min−1) and 8 untrained (15 ± 0.5 years, V˙O2maxV˙O2max 44.0 ± 4.6 mL kg−1 min−1) male adolescents performed two 6-min exercise off-transitions to 10 W from a preceding “baseline” of exercise at a workload equivalent to 80{\%} lactate threshold; V˙O2V˙O2 (breath-by-breath) and muscle deoxyhaemoglobin (near-infrared spectroscopy) were measured continuously. The time constant of the fundamental phase of V˙O2V˙O2 off-kinetics was not different between trained and untrained (trained 27.8 ± 5.9 s vs. untrained 28.9 ± 7.6 s, P = 0.71). However, the time constant (trained 17.0 ± 7.5 s vs. untrained 32 ± 11 s, P < 0.01) and mean response time (trained 24.2 ± 9.2 s vs. untrained 34 ± 13 s, P = 0.05) of muscle deoxyhaemoglobin off-kinetics was faster in the trained subjects compared to the untrained subjects. V˙O2V˙O2 kinetics was unaffected by training status; the faster muscle deoxyhaemoglobin kinetics in the trained subjects thus indicates slower blood flow kinetics during recovery from exercise compared to the untrained subjects.",
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Pulmonary oxygen uptake and muscle deoxygenation kinetics during recovery in trained and untrained male adolescents. / Marwood, Simon; Roche, Denise; Garrard, Max; Unnithan, Viswanath B.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 111, No. 11, 16.03.2011, p. 2775-2784.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pulmonary oxygen uptake and muscle deoxygenation kinetics during recovery in trained and untrained male adolescents

AU - Marwood, Simon

AU - Roche, Denise

AU - Garrard, Max

AU - Unnithan, Viswanath B.

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N2 - Previous studies have demonstrated faster pulmonary oxygen uptake ( V˙O2V˙O2 ) kinetics in the trained state during the transition to and from moderate-intensity exercise in adults. Whilst a similar effect of training status has previously been observed during the on-transition in adolescents, whether this is also observed during recovery from exercise is presently unknown. The aim of the present study was therefore to examine V˙O2V˙O2 kinetics in trained and untrained male adolescents during recovery from moderate-intensity exercise. 15 trained (15 ± 0.8 years, V˙O2maxV˙O2max 54.9 ± 6.4 mL kg−1 min−1) and 8 untrained (15 ± 0.5 years, V˙O2maxV˙O2max 44.0 ± 4.6 mL kg−1 min−1) male adolescents performed two 6-min exercise off-transitions to 10 W from a preceding “baseline” of exercise at a workload equivalent to 80% lactate threshold; V˙O2V˙O2 (breath-by-breath) and muscle deoxyhaemoglobin (near-infrared spectroscopy) were measured continuously. The time constant of the fundamental phase of V˙O2V˙O2 off-kinetics was not different between trained and untrained (trained 27.8 ± 5.9 s vs. untrained 28.9 ± 7.6 s, P = 0.71). However, the time constant (trained 17.0 ± 7.5 s vs. untrained 32 ± 11 s, P < 0.01) and mean response time (trained 24.2 ± 9.2 s vs. untrained 34 ± 13 s, P = 0.05) of muscle deoxyhaemoglobin off-kinetics was faster in the trained subjects compared to the untrained subjects. V˙O2V˙O2 kinetics was unaffected by training status; the faster muscle deoxyhaemoglobin kinetics in the trained subjects thus indicates slower blood flow kinetics during recovery from exercise compared to the untrained subjects.

AB - Previous studies have demonstrated faster pulmonary oxygen uptake ( V˙O2V˙O2 ) kinetics in the trained state during the transition to and from moderate-intensity exercise in adults. Whilst a similar effect of training status has previously been observed during the on-transition in adolescents, whether this is also observed during recovery from exercise is presently unknown. The aim of the present study was therefore to examine V˙O2V˙O2 kinetics in trained and untrained male adolescents during recovery from moderate-intensity exercise. 15 trained (15 ± 0.8 years, V˙O2maxV˙O2max 54.9 ± 6.4 mL kg−1 min−1) and 8 untrained (15 ± 0.5 years, V˙O2maxV˙O2max 44.0 ± 4.6 mL kg−1 min−1) male adolescents performed two 6-min exercise off-transitions to 10 W from a preceding “baseline” of exercise at a workload equivalent to 80% lactate threshold; V˙O2V˙O2 (breath-by-breath) and muscle deoxyhaemoglobin (near-infrared spectroscopy) were measured continuously. The time constant of the fundamental phase of V˙O2V˙O2 off-kinetics was not different between trained and untrained (trained 27.8 ± 5.9 s vs. untrained 28.9 ± 7.6 s, P = 0.71). However, the time constant (trained 17.0 ± 7.5 s vs. untrained 32 ± 11 s, P < 0.01) and mean response time (trained 24.2 ± 9.2 s vs. untrained 34 ± 13 s, P = 0.05) of muscle deoxyhaemoglobin off-kinetics was faster in the trained subjects compared to the untrained subjects. V˙O2V˙O2 kinetics was unaffected by training status; the faster muscle deoxyhaemoglobin kinetics in the trained subjects thus indicates slower blood flow kinetics during recovery from exercise compared to the untrained subjects.

KW - V˙O2 off-kinetics

KW - Near-infrared spectroscopy

KW - Muscle deoxyhaemoglobin

KW - Training

KW - Asymmetry

U2 - 10.1007/s00421-011-1901-8

DO - 10.1007/s00421-011-1901-8

M3 - Article

VL - 111

SP - 2775

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JO - European Journal of Applied Physiology

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SN - 1439-6319

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