Pubertal stage and measures of adiposity in British schoolchildren

Moira S. Lewitt, Julien S. Baker, Gail P. Mooney, Kerstin Hall, Non E. Thomas

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BackgroundPuberty is a critical period in the development of obesity. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and skin-fold thickness are used generally as estimates of body fat in children and adults. 
AimTo identify a marker of adiposity that is independent of pubertal status and determine its relationship to physical fitness in adolescence. 
Subjects and methodsGirls (n = 147) and boys (n = 100) from year 8 in three Welsh schools self-reported Tanner stages. Anthropometric measurements of adiposity were made and aerobic fitness estimated with a 20-metre shuttle-run test. 
ResultsChildren in early and late puberty were of similar chronological age. BMI strongly correlated with height in early puberty in girls (r - 0.366, p < 0.001) and boys (r - 0.594, p < 0.001), but not in late puberty. Waist-to-height ratio adjusted for the effect of height on waist measurements; and correlated with percentage fat mass in early and late puberty in girls (r = 0.865 and r = 0.772, both p < 0.001) and boys (r = 0.868 and r = 0.877, both p < 0.001). Physical fitness score was inversely related to waist-to-height ratio, with similar regression lines in early and late puberty, in girls (r = -0.545, p < 0.001 and r = -0.362, p = 0.005) and boys (r = -0.490, p < 0.001 and r = -0.400, p = 0.003). 
ConclusionPubertal status should be taken into account in adjusting weight for height in adolescents. Waist-to-height ratio is a convenient and appropriate measure of adiposity during puberty.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-447
JournalAnnals of Human Biology
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Puberty
  • anthropometry
  • body mass index
  • waist circumference
  • physical activity

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