Abstract

BackgroundPuberty is a critical period in the development of obesity. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and skin-fold thickness are used generally as estimates of body fat in children and adults. 
AimTo identify a marker of adiposity that is independent of pubertal status and determine its relationship to physical fitness in adolescence. 
Subjects and methodsGirls (n = 147) and boys (n = 100) from year 8 in three Welsh schools self-reported Tanner stages. Anthropometric measurements of adiposity were made and aerobic fitness estimated with a 20-metre shuttle-run test. 
ResultsChildren in early and late puberty were of similar chronological age. BMI strongly correlated with height in early puberty in girls (r - 0.366, p < 0.001) and boys (r - 0.594, p < 0.001), but not in late puberty. Waist-to-height ratio adjusted for the effect of height on waist measurements; and correlated with percentage fat mass in early and late puberty in girls (r = 0.865 and r = 0.772, both p < 0.001) and boys (r = 0.868 and r = 0.877, both p < 0.001). Physical fitness score was inversely related to waist-to-height ratio, with similar regression lines in early and late puberty, in girls (r = -0.545, p < 0.001 and r = -0.362, p = 0.005) and boys (r = -0.490, p < 0.001 and r = -0.400, p = 0.003). 
ConclusionPubertal status should be taken into account in adjusting weight for height in adolescents. Waist-to-height ratio is a convenient and appropriate measure of adiposity during puberty.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-447
JournalAnnals of Human Biology
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Puberty
  • anthropometry
  • body mass index
  • waist circumference
  • physical activity

Cite this

Lewitt, Moira S. ; Baker, Julien S. ; Mooney, Gail P. ; Hall, Kerstin ; Thomas, Non E. / Pubertal stage and measures of adiposity in British schoolchildren. In: Annals of Human Biology. 2012 ; Vol. 39, No. 5. pp. 440-447.
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abstract = "BackgroundPuberty is a critical period in the development of obesity. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and skin-fold thickness are used generally as estimates of body fat in children and adults. AimTo identify a marker of adiposity that is independent of pubertal status and determine its relationship to physical fitness in adolescence. Subjects and methodsGirls (n = 147) and boys (n = 100) from year 8 in three Welsh schools self-reported Tanner stages. Anthropometric measurements of adiposity were made and aerobic fitness estimated with a 20-metre shuttle-run test. ResultsChildren in early and late puberty were of similar chronological age. BMI strongly correlated with height in early puberty in girls (r - 0.366, p < 0.001) and boys (r - 0.594, p < 0.001), but not in late puberty. Waist-to-height ratio adjusted for the effect of height on waist measurements; and correlated with percentage fat mass in early and late puberty in girls (r = 0.865 and r = 0.772, both p < 0.001) and boys (r = 0.868 and r = 0.877, both p < 0.001). Physical fitness score was inversely related to waist-to-height ratio, with similar regression lines in early and late puberty, in girls (r = -0.545, p < 0.001 and r = -0.362, p = 0.005) and boys (r = -0.490, p < 0.001 and r = -0.400, p = 0.003). ConclusionPubertal status should be taken into account in adjusting weight for height in adolescents. Waist-to-height ratio is a convenient and appropriate measure of adiposity during puberty.",
keywords = "Puberty, anthropometry, body mass index, waist circumference, physical activity",
author = "Lewitt, {Moira S.} and Baker, {Julien S.} and Mooney, {Gail P.} and Kerstin Hall and Thomas, {Non E.}",
year = "2012",
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language = "English",
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pages = "440--447",
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Pubertal stage and measures of adiposity in British schoolchildren. / Lewitt, Moira S.; Baker, Julien S.; Mooney, Gail P.; Hall, Kerstin; Thomas, Non E.

In: Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 39, No. 5, 2012, p. 440-447.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pubertal stage and measures of adiposity in British schoolchildren

AU - Lewitt, Moira S.

AU - Baker, Julien S.

AU - Mooney, Gail P.

AU - Hall, Kerstin

AU - Thomas, Non E.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - BackgroundPuberty is a critical period in the development of obesity. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and skin-fold thickness are used generally as estimates of body fat in children and adults. AimTo identify a marker of adiposity that is independent of pubertal status and determine its relationship to physical fitness in adolescence. Subjects and methodsGirls (n = 147) and boys (n = 100) from year 8 in three Welsh schools self-reported Tanner stages. Anthropometric measurements of adiposity were made and aerobic fitness estimated with a 20-metre shuttle-run test. ResultsChildren in early and late puberty were of similar chronological age. BMI strongly correlated with height in early puberty in girls (r - 0.366, p < 0.001) and boys (r - 0.594, p < 0.001), but not in late puberty. Waist-to-height ratio adjusted for the effect of height on waist measurements; and correlated with percentage fat mass in early and late puberty in girls (r = 0.865 and r = 0.772, both p < 0.001) and boys (r = 0.868 and r = 0.877, both p < 0.001). Physical fitness score was inversely related to waist-to-height ratio, with similar regression lines in early and late puberty, in girls (r = -0.545, p < 0.001 and r = -0.362, p = 0.005) and boys (r = -0.490, p < 0.001 and r = -0.400, p = 0.003). ConclusionPubertal status should be taken into account in adjusting weight for height in adolescents. Waist-to-height ratio is a convenient and appropriate measure of adiposity during puberty.

AB - BackgroundPuberty is a critical period in the development of obesity. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and skin-fold thickness are used generally as estimates of body fat in children and adults. AimTo identify a marker of adiposity that is independent of pubertal status and determine its relationship to physical fitness in adolescence. Subjects and methodsGirls (n = 147) and boys (n = 100) from year 8 in three Welsh schools self-reported Tanner stages. Anthropometric measurements of adiposity were made and aerobic fitness estimated with a 20-metre shuttle-run test. ResultsChildren in early and late puberty were of similar chronological age. BMI strongly correlated with height in early puberty in girls (r - 0.366, p < 0.001) and boys (r - 0.594, p < 0.001), but not in late puberty. Waist-to-height ratio adjusted for the effect of height on waist measurements; and correlated with percentage fat mass in early and late puberty in girls (r = 0.865 and r = 0.772, both p < 0.001) and boys (r = 0.868 and r = 0.877, both p < 0.001). Physical fitness score was inversely related to waist-to-height ratio, with similar regression lines in early and late puberty, in girls (r = -0.545, p < 0.001 and r = -0.362, p = 0.005) and boys (r = -0.490, p < 0.001 and r = -0.400, p = 0.003). ConclusionPubertal status should be taken into account in adjusting weight for height in adolescents. Waist-to-height ratio is a convenient and appropriate measure of adiposity during puberty.

KW - Puberty

KW - anthropometry

KW - body mass index

KW - waist circumference

KW - physical activity

U2 - 10.3109/03014460.2012.704070

DO - 10.3109/03014460.2012.704070

M3 - Article

VL - 39

SP - 440

EP - 447

JO - Annals of Human Biology

JF - Annals of Human Biology

SN - 0301-4460

IS - 5

ER -