Psychological skills and “the Paras”: The indirect effects of psychological skills on endurance

Rosemary Arthur, James Fitzwater , Ross Roberts , James Hardy , Calum Arthur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
298 Downloads (Pure)


We examined the indirect effects of basic psychological skills (PS) on military endurance through enhanced advanced PS, whilst controlling for fitness. British Army recruits (n = 159) participated in three endurance events for Parachute Regiment selection and completed an adapted Test of Performance Strategies questionnaire (Hardy et al., 2010). Following confirmatory factor analyses, the multiple mediation regression analyses using PROCESS (Hayes, 2013) suggested that goal-setting, imagery and relaxation all had positive indirect effects on endurance via activation, with goal setting also impacting on endurance via negative thinking. These data provide some support for basic PS influencing endurance via advanced PS.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Early online date21 Mar 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Mar 2017


  • Psychological Skills
  • Endurance
  • Mediation


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