Protocol of the study on emergency health care workers’ responses evaluated by Karasek questionnaire: the SEEK-study protocol

Jean-Baptiste Bouillon-Minois*, Marion Trousselard, Bruno Pereira, Jeannot Schmidt, Maelys Clinchamps, David Thivel, Ukadike C. Ugbolue, Farès Moustafa, Céline Occelli, Guillaume Vallet, Frédéric Dutheil

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Stress is a significant public health concern that can be self-evaluated using the job control demands model from Karasek. Emergency health care workers are particularly exposed to stress because of the intrinsic characteristics associated with the job (i.e., life-threatening emergencies, overcrowding, lack of bed spaces). However, these attributes have never been studied using the Karasek model.

Methods: An observational, prospective, multicentric study in French Emergency Departments will be conducted using a cohort of emergency health care workers. Four questionnaires before a control day and after a nightshift will be assessed every 5 years in the same emergency departments. Also, the Karasek questionnaire, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory scale, the Hospital Anxiety, Depression Scale, and a food intake questionnaire will be evaluated. Salivary biomarkers (cortisol, immunoglobulin A, lysozyme) will be collected from every emergency health care worker who consents to participating in the study.

Conclusion: This study will provide a point of care for the emergency health care workers’ stress situation every 5 years.

Ethics: This protocol was registered in Clinical Trials under the identification NCT02401607 after the French Ethics Committee’s approval.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4068
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2021


  • Karasek questionnaire
  • job demand
  • job strain
  • shiftwork
  • nutrition
  • emergency physician
  • stress
  • job control
  • biomarkers


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