Objective proteomic analysis offers opportunities for hypothesis generation on molecular events associated with pathogenesis in stem cells. Relative quantification mass spectrometry was employed to identify pathways affected by Tel/PDGFR beta, an oncogene associated with myeloproliferative neoplasia (MPN). Its effects on over 1800 proteins were quantified with high confidence. Of those up-regulated by Tel/PDGFR beta several were involved in the interferon gamma (IFN gamma) response. To validate these observations we employed embryonic and myeloid stem cells models which revealed Tel/PDGFR beta-induced STAT1 up-regulation and activation was responsible for modulating the interferon response. A STAT1 target highly up-regulated was ICSBP, a transcriptional regulator of myeloid and eosinophilic differentiation. ICSBP interacts with CBP/p300 and Ets transcription factors, to promote transcription of additional genes, including the Egr family, key regulators of myelopoiesis. These interferon responses were recapitulated using IFN gamma stimulation of stem cells. Thus Tel/PDGFR beta induces aberrant IFN signaling and downstream targets, which may ultimately impact the hematopoietic transcriptional factor network to bias myelomonocytic differentiation in this MPN.
Dobbin, E., Graham, C., Freeburn, R. W., Unwin, R. D., Griffiths, J. R., Pierce, A., Whetton, A. D., & Wheadon, H. (2010). Proteomic analysis reveals a novel mechanism induced by the leukemic oncogene Tel/PDGFR beta in stem cells: Activation of the interferon response pathways. Stem Cell Research, 5(3), 226-243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scr.2010.08.001