Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Scottish youth: a pilot investigation

Duncan Buchan, John Young, Lon Kilgore, S. M. Cooper, R. M. Malina, Julien Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Problem statement
Approximately 70% of the total ethnic minority population of Scotland is of South Asian ancestry, although relatively little is known about their cardiovascular risk profile. Determining the risk profiles of Scottish youth of South Asian ancestry may inform the creation of interventions to reduce risk and improve the quality of life in this population. 
ApproachThe purpose of this pilot investigation was to examine the Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) risk profiles of Scottish youth of South Asian ancestry. A sample of 48 South Asian adolescents (26 females, 22 males, 16±2 years of age) resident in the city of Glasgow participated in this study. Stature, mass, waist circumference, physical activity, blood pressure, diet and 10 metabolic markers of CVD risk were recorded. 
ResultsBoys had a significantly (p?0. 01) greater body mass, stature and were more physically active than girls. The boys also had significantly (p?0. 05) higher fasting levels of glucose, LDL and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) and recorded lower levels of HDL than girls. High fat diets, low physical activity, elevated CRP, glucose and insulin levels and low HDL levels were the risk factors most often identified as being as non-desirable. About 88% of the cohort had between 2 and 6 CVD risk factors while 40% of boys and 20% of girls presented with 5 or more risk factors. 
Conclusion/RecommendationsResults suggest that preventive measures, including increased physical activity and dietary management may be warranted for the youth of South Asian ancestry."
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
JournalOnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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risk profile
cardiovascular diseases
ancestry
Cardiovascular Diseases
risk factors
physical activity
C-reactive protein
Exercise
C-Reactive Protein
glucose
waist circumference
high fat diet
Nutrition
Glucose
quality of life
Scotland
blood pressure
fasting
Waist Circumference
High Fat Diet

Cite this

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title = "Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Scottish youth: a pilot investigation",
abstract = "Problem statementApproximately 70{\%} of the total ethnic minority population of Scotland is of South Asian ancestry, although relatively little is known about their cardiovascular risk profile. Determining the risk profiles of Scottish youth of South Asian ancestry may inform the creation of interventions to reduce risk and improve the quality of life in this population. ApproachThe purpose of this pilot investigation was to examine the Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) risk profiles of Scottish youth of South Asian ancestry. A sample of 48 South Asian adolescents (26 females, 22 males, 16±2 years of age) resident in the city of Glasgow participated in this study. Stature, mass, waist circumference, physical activity, blood pressure, diet and 10 metabolic markers of CVD risk were recorded. ResultsBoys had a significantly (p?0. 01) greater body mass, stature and were more physically active than girls. The boys also had significantly (p?0. 05) higher fasting levels of glucose, LDL and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) and recorded lower levels of HDL than girls. High fat diets, low physical activity, elevated CRP, glucose and insulin levels and low HDL levels were the risk factors most often identified as being as non-desirable. About 88{\%} of the cohort had between 2 and 6 CVD risk factors while 40{\%} of boys and 20{\%} of girls presented with 5 or more risk factors. Conclusion/RecommendationsResults suggest that preventive measures, including increased physical activity and dietary management may be warranted for the youth of South Asian ancestry.{"}",
author = "Duncan Buchan and John Young and Lon Kilgore and {M. Cooper}, S. and {M. Malina}, R. and Julien Baker",
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Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Scottish youth : a pilot investigation. / Buchan, Duncan; Young, John; Kilgore, Lon; M. Cooper, S.; M. Malina, R.; Baker, Julien.

In: OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2012, p. 72-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Scottish youth

T2 - a pilot investigation

AU - Buchan, Duncan

AU - Young, John

AU - Kilgore, Lon

AU - M. Cooper, S.

AU - M. Malina, R.

AU - Baker, Julien

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Problem statementApproximately 70% of the total ethnic minority population of Scotland is of South Asian ancestry, although relatively little is known about their cardiovascular risk profile. Determining the risk profiles of Scottish youth of South Asian ancestry may inform the creation of interventions to reduce risk and improve the quality of life in this population. ApproachThe purpose of this pilot investigation was to examine the Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) risk profiles of Scottish youth of South Asian ancestry. A sample of 48 South Asian adolescents (26 females, 22 males, 16±2 years of age) resident in the city of Glasgow participated in this study. Stature, mass, waist circumference, physical activity, blood pressure, diet and 10 metabolic markers of CVD risk were recorded. ResultsBoys had a significantly (p?0. 01) greater body mass, stature and were more physically active than girls. The boys also had significantly (p?0. 05) higher fasting levels of glucose, LDL and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) and recorded lower levels of HDL than girls. High fat diets, low physical activity, elevated CRP, glucose and insulin levels and low HDL levels were the risk factors most often identified as being as non-desirable. About 88% of the cohort had between 2 and 6 CVD risk factors while 40% of boys and 20% of girls presented with 5 or more risk factors. Conclusion/RecommendationsResults suggest that preventive measures, including increased physical activity and dietary management may be warranted for the youth of South Asian ancestry."

AB - Problem statementApproximately 70% of the total ethnic minority population of Scotland is of South Asian ancestry, although relatively little is known about their cardiovascular risk profile. Determining the risk profiles of Scottish youth of South Asian ancestry may inform the creation of interventions to reduce risk and improve the quality of life in this population. ApproachThe purpose of this pilot investigation was to examine the Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) risk profiles of Scottish youth of South Asian ancestry. A sample of 48 South Asian adolescents (26 females, 22 males, 16±2 years of age) resident in the city of Glasgow participated in this study. Stature, mass, waist circumference, physical activity, blood pressure, diet and 10 metabolic markers of CVD risk were recorded. ResultsBoys had a significantly (p?0. 01) greater body mass, stature and were more physically active than girls. The boys also had significantly (p?0. 05) higher fasting levels of glucose, LDL and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) and recorded lower levels of HDL than girls. High fat diets, low physical activity, elevated CRP, glucose and insulin levels and low HDL levels were the risk factors most often identified as being as non-desirable. About 88% of the cohort had between 2 and 6 CVD risk factors while 40% of boys and 20% of girls presented with 5 or more risk factors. Conclusion/RecommendationsResults suggest that preventive measures, including increased physical activity and dietary management may be warranted for the youth of South Asian ancestry."

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