Preparation and characterization of iron-copper binary oxide and its effective removal of antimony (III) from aqueous solution

Yonchao Li, Bing Geng, Xiaoxian Hu, Bozhi Ren, Andrew Hursthouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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110 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A Fe-Cu binary oxide was fabricated through a simple co-precipitation process, and was used to remove Sb(III) from aqueous solution. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray and N2 adsorption–desorption measurements demonstrated that the Fe-Cu binary oxide consisted of poorly ordered ferrihydrite and CuO, and its specific surface area was higher than both iron oxide and copper oxide. Comparative test indicated that Fe/Cu molar ratio of prepared binary oxide greatly influenced Sb(III) removal and the optimum Fe/Cu molar ratio was about 3/1. Moreover, a maximum adsorption capacity of 209.23 mg Sb(III)/g Fe-Cu binary oxide at pH 5.0 was obtained. The removal of Sb(III) by Fe-Cu binary oxide followed the Freundlich adsorption isotherm and the pseudo-second-order kinetics in the batch study. The removal of Sb(III) was not sensitive to solution pH. In addition, the release of Fe and Cu ions to water was very low when the pH was greater than 6.0. XPS analysis confirmed that the Sb(III) adsorbed on the surface was not oxidized to Sb(V).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-401
JournalWater Science & Technology
Volume74
Issue number2
Early online date30 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

Fingerprint

antimony
Antimony
aqueous solution
oxide
Iron
copper
Copper
iron
Oxides
Copper oxides
adsorption
Coprecipitation
Iron oxides
Adsorption isotherms
ferrihydrite
Specific surface area
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
iron oxide
X-ray spectroscopy
removal

Keywords

  • adsorption
  • Fe-Cu binary oxide
  • removal mechanism
  • antimony

Cite this

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title = "Preparation and characterization of iron-copper binary oxide and its effective removal of antimony (III) from aqueous solution",
abstract = "A Fe-Cu binary oxide was fabricated through a simple co-precipitation process, and was used to remove Sb(III) from aqueous solution. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray and N2 adsorption–desorption measurements demonstrated that the Fe-Cu binary oxide consisted of poorly ordered ferrihydrite and CuO, and its specific surface area was higher than both iron oxide and copper oxide. Comparative test indicated that Fe/Cu molar ratio of prepared binary oxide greatly influenced Sb(III) removal and the optimum Fe/Cu molar ratio was about 3/1. Moreover, a maximum adsorption capacity of 209.23 mg Sb(III)/g Fe-Cu binary oxide at pH 5.0 was obtained. The removal of Sb(III) by Fe-Cu binary oxide followed the Freundlich adsorption isotherm and the pseudo-second-order kinetics in the batch study. The removal of Sb(III) was not sensitive to solution pH. In addition, the release of Fe and Cu ions to water was very low when the pH was greater than 6.0. XPS analysis confirmed that the Sb(III) adsorbed on the surface was not oxidized to Sb(V).",
keywords = "adsorption, Fe-Cu binary oxide, removal mechanism, antimony",
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Preparation and characterization of iron-copper binary oxide and its effective removal of antimony (III) from aqueous solution. / Li, Yonchao; Geng, Bing; Hu, Xiaoxian; Ren, Bozhi; Hursthouse, Andrew.

In: Water Science & Technology, Vol. 74, No. 2, 07.2016, p. 393-401.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preparation and characterization of iron-copper binary oxide and its effective removal of antimony (III) from aqueous solution

AU - Li, Yonchao

AU - Geng, Bing

AU - Hu, Xiaoxian

AU - Ren, Bozhi

AU - Hursthouse, Andrew

N1 - 6 months embargo

PY - 2016/7

Y1 - 2016/7

N2 - A Fe-Cu binary oxide was fabricated through a simple co-precipitation process, and was used to remove Sb(III) from aqueous solution. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray and N2 adsorption–desorption measurements demonstrated that the Fe-Cu binary oxide consisted of poorly ordered ferrihydrite and CuO, and its specific surface area was higher than both iron oxide and copper oxide. Comparative test indicated that Fe/Cu molar ratio of prepared binary oxide greatly influenced Sb(III) removal and the optimum Fe/Cu molar ratio was about 3/1. Moreover, a maximum adsorption capacity of 209.23 mg Sb(III)/g Fe-Cu binary oxide at pH 5.0 was obtained. The removal of Sb(III) by Fe-Cu binary oxide followed the Freundlich adsorption isotherm and the pseudo-second-order kinetics in the batch study. The removal of Sb(III) was not sensitive to solution pH. In addition, the release of Fe and Cu ions to water was very low when the pH was greater than 6.0. XPS analysis confirmed that the Sb(III) adsorbed on the surface was not oxidized to Sb(V).

AB - A Fe-Cu binary oxide was fabricated through a simple co-precipitation process, and was used to remove Sb(III) from aqueous solution. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray and N2 adsorption–desorption measurements demonstrated that the Fe-Cu binary oxide consisted of poorly ordered ferrihydrite and CuO, and its specific surface area was higher than both iron oxide and copper oxide. Comparative test indicated that Fe/Cu molar ratio of prepared binary oxide greatly influenced Sb(III) removal and the optimum Fe/Cu molar ratio was about 3/1. Moreover, a maximum adsorption capacity of 209.23 mg Sb(III)/g Fe-Cu binary oxide at pH 5.0 was obtained. The removal of Sb(III) by Fe-Cu binary oxide followed the Freundlich adsorption isotherm and the pseudo-second-order kinetics in the batch study. The removal of Sb(III) was not sensitive to solution pH. In addition, the release of Fe and Cu ions to water was very low when the pH was greater than 6.0. XPS analysis confirmed that the Sb(III) adsorbed on the surface was not oxidized to Sb(V).

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