Prediction of Tool Wear Mechanisms in Face Milling AISI 1045 Steel

Patricia Munoz De Escalona, Nayarit Diaz, Zulay Cassier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Cutting tools have an important role in the machining process, since they are related to workpiece surface quality and production costs. Due to the importance of selecting appropriate cutting parameters during the milling process, this research develops empirical expressions to predict the tool wear mechanisms that a cutting tool will suffer during the milling of AISI 1045. In addition, an expression to predict the critical cutting speed value where the diffusion mechanism starts to appear is developed. AISI 1045 was selected as the workpiece material due to its excellent machinability, good abrasion resistance, and mechanical strength. The Design of Experiments method namely Taguchi was applied to reduce the time and cost of experiments. The results showed that the cutting speed is the parameter with the most influence on tool flank wear which started to appear when using V = 500 m/min and the diffusion tool wear mechanism at V = 850 m/min.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-808
JournalJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • cutting speed
  • Taguchi
  • tool wear
  • wear mechanism


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