Measuring soil carbon dioxide efflux is a challenging task even when it is performed using respiration chambers. While gas samples are taken, measurement deviations become more evident according to the used chamber design especially when external disturbances occur. This paper studies the carbon dioxide concentration profiles within the top soil layers, and investigates the controlling factors affecting the process. The considered factors are diffusion, temperature and viscosity. The efflux equation is discussed and then it is linked with the soils geotechnical parameters, while a relationship between the Reynolds number within the soil and efflux is found. Emphasis on the importance of the external geometrical design considerations is shown through studying external boundary layer effects due to the chamber outer shell shape and how it interacts with blowing winds. Chamber stability on site of deployment is also of a significant importance considering external blowing winds. Internal geometrical considerations are linked with the flow turbulence within the dynamic chambers. It is highly recommended that respiration chamber designers need to work in parallel with a multidisciplinary team in order to make a chamber design that ensures the least disturbance to occur at the location of study.
- Renewable energy