Prediction of the gas emission from porous media with the concern of energy and environment

Ahmed Al Makky, A. Alaswad, Desmond. Gibson, A.G. Olabi

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Abstract

Measuring soil carbon dioxide efflux is a challenging task even when it is performed using respiration chambers. While gas samples are taken, measurement deviations become more evident according to the used chamber design especially when external disturbances occur. This paper studies the carbon dioxide concentration profiles within the top soil layers, and investigates the controlling factors affecting the process. The considered factors are diffusion, temperature and viscosity. The efflux equation is discussed and then it is linked with the soils geotechnical parameters, while a relationship between the Reynolds number within the soil and efflux is found. Emphasis on the importance of the external geometrical design considerations is shown through studying external boundary layer effects due to the chamber outer shell shape and how it interacts with blowing winds. Chamber stability on site of deployment is also of a significant importance considering external blowing winds. Internal geometrical considerations are linked with the flow turbulence within the dynamic chambers. It is highly recommended that respiration chamber designers need to work in parallel with a multidisciplinary team in order to make a chamber design that ensures the least disturbance to occur at the location of study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1144-1156
JournalRenewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume68
Issue number2
Early online date11 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Aug 2016

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Gas emissions
Porous materials
Soils
Blow molding
Carbon dioxide
Boundary layers
Reynolds number
Turbulence
Viscosity
Gases
Temperature

Keywords

  • Renewable energy

Cite this

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abstract = "Measuring soil carbon dioxide efflux is a challenging task even when it is performed using respiration chambers. While gas samples are taken, measurement deviations become more evident according to the used chamber design especially when external disturbances occur. This paper studies the carbon dioxide concentration profiles within the top soil layers, and investigates the controlling factors affecting the process. The considered factors are diffusion, temperature and viscosity. The efflux equation is discussed and then it is linked with the soils geotechnical parameters, while a relationship between the Reynolds number within the soil and efflux is found. Emphasis on the importance of the external geometrical design considerations is shown through studying external boundary layer effects due to the chamber outer shell shape and how it interacts with blowing winds. Chamber stability on site of deployment is also of a significant importance considering external blowing winds. Internal geometrical considerations are linked with the flow turbulence within the dynamic chambers. It is highly recommended that respiration chamber designers need to work in parallel with a multidisciplinary team in order to make a chamber design that ensures the least disturbance to occur at the location of study.",
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Prediction of the gas emission from porous media with the concern of energy and environment. / Makky, Ahmed Al; Alaswad, A.; Gibson, Desmond.; Olabi, A.G.

In: Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 68, No. 2, 11.08.2016, p. 1144-1156.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Measuring soil carbon dioxide efflux is a challenging task even when it is performed using respiration chambers. While gas samples are taken, measurement deviations become more evident according to the used chamber design especially when external disturbances occur. This paper studies the carbon dioxide concentration profiles within the top soil layers, and investigates the controlling factors affecting the process. The considered factors are diffusion, temperature and viscosity. The efflux equation is discussed and then it is linked with the soils geotechnical parameters, while a relationship between the Reynolds number within the soil and efflux is found. Emphasis on the importance of the external geometrical design considerations is shown through studying external boundary layer effects due to the chamber outer shell shape and how it interacts with blowing winds. Chamber stability on site of deployment is also of a significant importance considering external blowing winds. Internal geometrical considerations are linked with the flow turbulence within the dynamic chambers. It is highly recommended that respiration chamber designers need to work in parallel with a multidisciplinary team in order to make a chamber design that ensures the least disturbance to occur at the location of study.

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