Potential of electrophilic epoxide reactions for the monitoring of acid gases in the environment

Bob Muir, Mark Wilson, Louise Rowley, Frank J. Smith, Andrew Hursthouse

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mineral and short-chain carboxylic acid vapours and NOx gases were reacted with cyclohexene oxide (1,2-epoxycyclohexane) to quantitatively produce specific, thermally stable cyclohexyl derivatives. Subsequent analysis of these derivatives by gas chromatography with mass spectroscopy and flame ionisation detection afforded a multi analyte method for the assay of these gaseous acidic atmospheric species. Derivatisation was found to be quantitative for the derivatives tested and the method highly sensitive (to 0.3 mg/m3 for a 30 l sample), accurate, precise and free from apparent interferences. The technique has been applied to “acid stack gases” and a number of other acid rich atmospheres and the results obtained show good agreement with the single analyte wet chemical determinations indicating that the approach has considerable potential as a routine analytical method for measuring such atmospheric pollutants. The high specificity of the reaction mechanism and its potential for the analysis of analyte mixtures is illustrated in the assay of nitric acid and its acid anhydride, dinitrogen pentoxide.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-256
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume977
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Atmospheric monitoring
  • Epoxides
  • Electrophilic
  • Nitric acid
  • Dinitrogen peroxide

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