Physical activity interventions: effects of duration and intensity

D.S. Buchan, S. Ollis, N.E. Thomas, Neil Buchanan, S.-M. Cooper, R.M. Malina, J.S. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of exercising at different intensities over 7 weeks on components of physical fitness and CVD risk factors. Forty-seven boys and 10 girls, (16.4 +/- 0.7 years of age) were divided into a moderate, high intensity, or a control group. All participants had indices of obesity and blood pressure recorded in addition to four physical performance measures pre- and post-intervention. In addition, the intervention groups repeated the physical performance measures at the 4th week phase of the intervention. Following the intervention, significant improvements (P < 0.05) in the high-intensity group were found in the 20 MSFT, agility, CMJ and 10m sprint post-intervention. Participants in the moderate intensity group displayed significant improvements (P < 0.05) in both the CMJ and 20 MSFT post-intervention. Body fat % significantly improved (P < 0.01) in the moderate group only post-intervention. Interestingly, Systolic blood pressure significantly improved post-intervention (112 +/- 10 vs 106 +/- 11 mmHg) (P = 0.017) in the high intensity group. In conclusion, high-intensity exercise over 7 weeks is a very time efficient means of improving important components of physical fitness in adolescents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E341-E350
Number of pages10
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • youth
  • health
  • cardiovascular disease
  • exercise

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