Diffraction in time manifests itself as the appearance of probability-density fringes when a matter wave passes through an opaque screen with abrupt temporal variations of transmission properties. Here we analytically describe the phase-space structure of diffraction-in-time fringes for a class of smooth time gratings. More precisely, we obtain an analytic expression for the Husimi distribution representing the state of the system in the case of time gratings comprising a succession of Lorentzian-like slits. In particular, for a double-slit scenario, we derive a simple and intuitive expression that accurately captures the position of interference fringes in phase space.
|Number of pages||37|
|Journal||New Journal of Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 11 Mar 2022|